Was there any difference in the lives/experiences of african americans compared to the previous decades: national association for the advancement of colored people membership increased 10 times, reaching 500,000 people in 1945. Demanded a double campaign: to gain victory over racial discrimination at home as well as over the axis powers: 1942 founded the congress for racial equality. Employed strategy of nonviolent resistance to challenge jim. Sought to desegregate public facilities in northern cities: a. philip randolph (president of brotherhood of sleeping car porters), warned fdr that if he didn"t abolish discrimination in the armed forces, african americans would besiege washington. First presidential directive on race since reconstruction. Even with it, still violence within the military towards african. How did double victory impact this group: returning african american veterans who served in the military resolved as never before to gain all the rights enjoyed by whites.