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Lecture

History 2301 Warfare in colonial America.doc


Department
History
Course Code
HIS 2301E
Professor
Graham Broad

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History 2301 Warfare in colonial America
The 7 years war:
Begins in colonial America spills over into Europe
(It is referred to as the French and Indian War)
Why did the British win the 7 years war?
Command of the oceans (British Naval Supremacy) able to block French supply
ships. Able to pick and choose where they were able to send their troops
British began to listen to Native allies. Adopted Aboriginal warfare.
Spent large amounts; invested in the war and took advantage of their resources to
overwhelm the French.
New France was established as a commercial venture
Not a settlers society
Star shaped fortifications that they would build into the ground.
France has a smaller population than the English but they have formidable defences
to aid them
108 forts along the fur trading routes
How did the war start?
westward expansion by British settlers into French territory
Edward Braddock 1695-1755
English military leader: Was ambushed by French and natives French lost 20 English
900
7 years war was fought throughout all the colonies of the French and British
Battle of the Plains of Abraham sept 1759
Close range battle between Europeans.
Battle decides the winner of the war
The battle only took place 15-20 mins
1763 peace treaty is signed
Supreme Court decisions (exam question):
What were the preconditions that were necessary for the American revolution
Demographics rapid population growth religiously pluralistic huge
religious tolerance than in Britain.
Population is diversifying
Most of the revolution leaders were born in colonial America not Britain
Rapidly developing economy per capita income is double than in Britain
Bonds with the mother country are shaken down they are more likely to be able
to stand on their own now
Britain was broke at the end of the 7 years war the colonies were forced to help
pay for the costs of the war. The colonies had never before been directly taxed by
Britian. “No taxation without representation” Colonies upset for being taxed
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