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History Lecture 07 - Oct 26.docx

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Western University
History 1601E
Carl Young

October 26, 2010 Early Korea Prehistory  Koreans claim to have a 5000 year history  First 2000 years lost in legend  Pottery evidence suggests contact with northern and southern China  Koreans were hunters, fishers, and farmers  Chiefs and female shamans important*  Males dominating political aspect, females dominating spiritual aspect Language  Korean is a monotone, polysyllabic, highly inflected, and hierarchal language  Agglutinative (words formed by gluing various particles together)  SOV (subject-object-verb)  Closest relation to Altaic languages (Manchu, Mongol, Turkish)  Grammar similar to Japanese  Conjugations based on mood, tone, respect etc Shamanism  Native religion of Korea  Shows links to north Asia  Heavens and earth infused with spirits and gods  Shamans are intermediaries between spirits and humans  Female shamans (mudang) particularly important Foundation Myths  Tan’gun, legendary founder of Korean kingdom of Choson  Kija, a Chinese sage said to have founded Choson in 1122 BCE  Silla legend of Pak Hyokkose; born out of an egg Wiman Choson (194-108 BCE)  First recognisable state in Korea  Ruled by Chinese refugees  Conquered by Han Wudi  One commandery (known as Lelang or Nangnang) based in Pyongyang ruled by China until early 300’s CE  Main bridge between Korean and Chinese culture Tribal Confederations  Puyo and Okch’o confederacies surrounded Chinese colonies at Lelang/Nangnang  Koguryo confederacy emerged from Puyo  Puyo engaged in diplomatic relations with China  Samhan confederacies arise in southern Korea  Based on agriculture and horseherding Koguryo  First of the Three Kingdoms st  First assembled in 1 century CE  Destroyed Chinese colonies  Controlled southern Manchuria and northern 2/3 of Korea  Based its power on cavalry  Warlike and often in conflict with neighbours Paekche  Located in southwestern Korea  Emerged in 300’s CE  Adopted Buddhism in late 300’s CE  C
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