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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - The Anglo-Norman Church

4 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
History 2405E
Professor
Barbara Murison

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Lecture 13 - The Anglo-Norman Church I) The Anglo-Saxon Legacy • Christianity had been the strongest agent in creating a national identity • Cut through tribal rivalries, etc. • Laws of King Cnut was that everyone should know that Lord’ Prayer and the Creed ○ Very few Anglo-Saxon structures survived to the present (wood structures) ○ Norwich and Winchester alone had over 50 churches each • Strong links to the continent, especially the papacy ○ Peter’s Pence – only paid by England to the Pope • Monasteries • Many pilgrims going to various shrines of different saints • Relics and images of the saints helped them feel more connected to Christianity ○ Sold “arm of St. Bartholomew” to Queen Emma (wife of King Cnut, second husband) • Fecamp Bec II) Norman attitudes to the Anglo-Saxon church • William I believed that he should be in charge of the Norman church ○ Appointed abbots • 11 thCentury movement for Church Reform – Gregorian Reform ○ Spread over the majority of the continent • William given papal support for his invasion of England and succession to the throne ○ Flag a the Battle of Hastings ○ Beginning of a feudal relationship with pope? • Normans envied the wealth of the Anglo-Saxon church, but didn’t like some of its culture and architecture (small churches) ○ William needed bishops he could trust completely ○ Purges church of bishops, etc. that were Anglo-Saxon, brought in people he knew he could trust ○ Normanized • Bishop Odo of Bayer ○ Half brother of William ○ 14 when made a bishop ○ Commissioned the Bayer tapestry ○ Earl of Kent, fought at Hastings III) Lanfranc 1070-1089 • Appointed the bishop of Canterbury • Trusted family adviser of William • Interested in religion and ideas of what should be done in the English church • Views on Primate – the Archbishop of Canterbury is far more important that the Bishop of York ○ Council of the Anglo-Saxon church called to make the Archbishop of Canterbury the head bishop (coronations, etc.) • Completed the organization of the dioceses – diocesan organization ○ Sea of the Bishop in the most important town of the region • Wants moral reform as well ○ Believed Anglo-Saxon church was decadent in many ways ○ Clerical celibacy – some success, hard to get full success, how willing was the bishop to enforce the rules ○ Enforcing canon laws the most important ○ Bishop had complete spiritual jurisdiction in their diocese ○ Church courts beginning to form • Backed the church-building program ○ Tore down Anglo-Saxon church and built bigger, better churches ○ Used Norman architecture, more durable (stone) ○ As if they had something to prove, more Christian than the Anglo-Saxons ○ Romanesque architecture ○ In line with the ideas of the Gregorian reform (Pope Gregory VII) • Gregorian Reforms in England • All ideas can be backed by William ○ Did not try to impose the Gregorian reform idea of church/state relations ○ Papal control of secular rulers – backed his king instead, didn’t swear allegiance to Rome (William or bishop
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