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2501- nov 27.docx

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History 2501E
Luz Hernandez- Saenz

2501 27 November 2012 The New Nations: Political and Economic Challenges 1820- 60’s Republic - Mexico will experiment with an empire- only for a year and it didn’t work - Same thing with Brazil After Independence there’s much to decide on - Have to set borders - Decide what kind of gov’t- republics? The Caudillo in Argentina - Argentina in 1820 didn’t exist yet, there was only Buenos Aires - They are next door to brazil, in a good place to trade - Unitarios- strong central gov’t - Federalists, federation to have more power than the center, to be more independent - Problem with meat- goes bad. If you salt it, it preserves o Going to create an industry around Buenos Aires o Going to have an entire area that raises the cattle, slaughters it, then salts it - Going to want freedom of religion- too advance for Buenos Aires at the time - Gov’t will fall because of the changes that people want - 1826- first constitution of Argentina- going to give power to Buenos Aires - Argentina and Brazil go to war over the river - 1828- Buffer state so that countries won’t go to war Juan Manuel de Rosas (1793- 1877) - Wealthy landowner - Owned farms and interest in industries - Was a federalist- wanted more power to the province - Retire in 1832, asked to come back in 35- said yes if he was given all the power he needs - He is going to be a protector of
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