Hist1403E February 29, 2012
All people were supposed to stay out of Jewish establishments (shops, banks, etc.). This
was enforced when the SS would stand guard and prevent anyone from entering. In fact,
many SS guards would not approve of the harsh treatment of the Jews, and left their
American government contacts Hitler, and warns him that he will lose all respect from
the international community if he carries out this plan.
Not supported, this movement only lasted a day.
The Nazis were now going to pass laws to make things more difficult for the Jews:
o 1933 – Civil Service Law This was a way for the Nazis to legally run the Jews
out of the country. Made life so uncomfortable that it was practically impossible.
E.g. Jews were not permitted to work in any form of civil service. They
could not enter professions that consisted of government involvement or
Legal Profession Law Jews were not allowed to practice law, and if you
were a Jew, you had to hire a Jewish lawyer (there were none!).
National Health Law Jews can only go to Jewish doctors, but all
Jewish doctors had/were leaving the country.
Overcrowding of Schools There are too many Jewish children in
German state schools. Due to the overcrowding, Jewish students had to
go to Jewish schools. (Giving priority to non-Jews). However, Jewish
teachers had also been eased out of the country.
Journalism Law The only way a Jew can run a publishing company is
to get permission from Goebbels (Minister of Propaganda).
o September 1935 – Nuremberg Laws [EXAM]
The purpose was to identify every Jew in the country through bloodlines.
(traced back to the level of being 1/16 Jewish)
Requirements if you were identified as a Jew:
You had to wear the Star of David
You were to live in allowable areas (eventually became the ghetto)
One of the laws passed to back-up this, would be Protection of
German Blood and Honor.
A Jew and Aryan were forbidden to marry. Any marriages of such
prior to this date (1935) – Jew to a non-Jew, would be annulled. Marriages outside Germany between a Jew and non-Jew would be
No Jews are allowed to engage in sexual intercourse if they are not
No Aryan house woman over the age of 45 could work in a Jewish
home. This is carried further by the Reich Citizenship Law – if
you were ¾ Jewish, you had to find employment in the Jewish
community. If you were ½ Jewish, you were only allowed certain
occupations (a person could even be a half-Jew if you married a
Jew and you weren’t Jewish at all).
*This is where IBM came into play.
Jews have now been identified, and it was time to get rid of them.
1936 - Himmler is put in charge. He was seen by Hitler as a very organized man.
Himmler puts together a document:
1934 – “Secret Report on Jewish Question”
o Suggested that there would be a mass-emigration of Jews out of the country.
o They would be paid by the state for them to relocate (no expense to the Jew).
o Where were they supposed to go? They suggested Palestine, Syria, Ecuador, or
o Hitler saw himself as being a good person (we’ve treated you poorly, and now
we’re trying to help you out).
o By 1938 100 000 Jews had moved out of the country.
o Himmler later suggested Brazil and Argentina.
1937 – Eichmann
o The evil man behind the movement.
o Brilliant mind yet totally distorted.
o Studied Jewish Religion and Jewish History in University (purely out of interest
o Went to a Jewish school in Germany and learned a lot about Hebrew.
o He absorbed himself in Jewish life as a non-Jew.
o Issued a “Comprehensive Report on the Jewish Problem”
Proposes a new technique for getting r