Hist1403E March 26, 2012
The Cold War
Defined: Antagonism between nations, only threats, and no actions taken.
1945 – United Nations
o When nations have earned seats to send some representatives in Geneva.
Everyone has the freedom to voice their opinions.
o The 5 nations that claimed victory in WWII and started the United Nations.
o The group with the power. It has the authority to round up troops and interfere
in countries, but must have the approval of all 5 countries (Britain, USA, France,
Russian, and China).
A constant dispute over communism and democracy, as well as totalitarianism and
democracy, or communism and capitalism.
Who is to blame for this antagonism?
1946 – Baruch Plan
o Member of Congress in the USA. Claimed that it was important that the Western
countries not allow Communism to spread.
o He proposed donating money itself and contribution from the USA, so that it
could be used to stop Communism if it started to spread.
o Trouble: Attached to the plan was the idea that it would be acted through the UN.
However, because Stalin/Russia was part of the Security Council, Stalin vetoed it.
1947 – Truman Doctrine
o Says the same thing as Baruch, but is willing to do it separately from the UN.
o National Security Council
Truman says that we need a body to help the President make decisions:
the National Security Council. (Therefore the President cannot be totally
blamed for mistakes.)
o Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Lends great support to the CIA.
A spy organiation that would investigate countries suspected of becoming
communism. Only to investigate and advise the president.
o Communist Information Bureau (Cominform)
Started by the USSR in response to the USA’s CIA. They will enter into
countries where there might possibly be communism expanding.
Investigates and informs Stalin, but will also send in troops to help the
1947/8 Berlin Blockade Americans did three things:
o Stalin said that there was a lot more money being given to the allied nations and
not enough given to help Stalin rebuild EAST Germany.
o Stalin was told by the Americans that he couldn’t establish a Communist sector in
Berlin – it simply would work (this was a fact).
o Americans establish a new currency in West Germany. Stalin said this violated
their original agreement. Sends him over the edge.
As a result of these three things, he blockades Berlin (East and West) by bringing in his
The people are incredibly afraid that this will lead to immense violence and arms.
However, the allies are sending enough supplies to sustain the East and his efforts are
useless. He backs down.
1949 – Federal Republic of German (Allies)
o Democratic, taken care of by the Americans. The people are allowed to raise up
their own leadership.
1949 – German Democratic Republic (USSR)
o Stalin controls the whole thing, and Totalitarian rules.
1949 – North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The purpose is military cooperation. If any nations touching the Atlantic are attacked,
the other countries will come to help. It continue