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Chapter 14 All the information plus the blanks and extra information said in class

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter 14 (cont’d) Obesity and Weight Management Required Reading: Chapter 14, pp. 415-447 Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle  Most weight problems are lifestyle problems  Slow weight gain a major cause of overweight & obesity  weight management important for everyone (slow weight gain over many years is what leads to overweight and obesity, it is a gradual process)  Early adulthood  good time to adopt healthy behaviours (develop healthy habits, easier to maintain habit than to start a new habit in adulthood)  Several lifestyle factors are critical for long-term weight management Research: Weight Gain in University  Cornell University (2003)  students put on an average of 15 lbs between time they left high school and end of first year University (“Freshman 15”)  Students gained approx. 4 lbs during the first 3 months  eleven times expected weight gain for typical 17-18 year old and twenty times expected weight gain for average adult  Accounted for by all-you-can eat dining facilities, more number of evening snacks, increased number of weekend meals, increased consumption of ‘junk’ foods, recent dieting Research: Weight Gain in University  University of Guelph (2006)  suggest that “Freshman 15” is a myth  Study included >100 1st-year women  Women gained approx. 5 lbs between time they left high school and the end of first year university  Still a cause for concern as women also increased BMI, body fat %, and waist circumference Thinking and Emotions  Low SE and negative emotions often accompany weight problems (not always the case, in many cases there are underlined self esteem issues and negative emotions which are contributing factors to weight gain not the cause)  Internally held pictures of an ‘ideal’ often result of unrealistic goals and beliefs about how we and others should be (men look in the mirror and see a small build, women look in the mirror and see a bigger image of themselves- body dysmorphia) (if you have an ideal self and there is a big gap between your realistic self and your ideal self, the harder it will be on you, unrealistic)  Challenge these beliefs and replace with realistic ones  Involves setting realistic goals, engaging in positive(+ve) self-talk (and stopping negative (- ve)self-talk) and problem-solving Coping Strategies  Food is often used as a coping mechanism (for stress, traumatic life events, way to relieve anxiety )  Healthier ways of coping include: o Fostering communication skills (avoid food based rewards especially with children, you are setting kids up to base good behaviours with food, talk about stress and things you are encountering in you
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