Health Sciences 1001A/B Lecture Notes - Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Heredity

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Chapter 14 (cont’d) Obesity and Weight Management
Required Reading: Chapter 14, pp. 415-447
Adopting a Healthy Lifestyle
Most weight problems are lifestyle problems
Slow weight gain a major cause of overweight & obesity weight management important for
everyone (slow weight gain over many years is what leads to overweight and obesity, it is a
gradual process)
Early adulthood good time to adopt healthy behaviours (develop healthy habits, easier to
maintain habit than to start a new habit in adulthood)
Several lifestyle factors are critical for long-term weight management
Research: Weight Gain in University
Cornell University (2003) students put on an average of 15 lbs between time they left high
school and end of first year University (“Freshman 15”)
Students gained approx. 4 lbs during the first 3 months eleven times expected weight gain for
typical 17-18 year old and twenty times expected weight gain for average adult
Accounted for by all-you-can eat dining facilities, more number of evening snacks, increased
number of weekend meals, increased consumption of ‘junk’ foods, recent dieting
Research: Weight Gain in University
University of Guelph (2006) suggest that “Freshman 15” is a myth
Study included >100 1st-year women
Women gained approx. 5 lbs between time they left high school and the end of first year
university
Still a cause for concern as women also increased BMI, body fat %, and waist circumference
Thinking and Emotions
Low SE and negative emotions often accompany weight problems (not always the case, in many
cases there are underlined self esteem issues and negative emotions which are contributing
factors to weight gain not the cause)
Internally held pictures of an ‘ideal’ often result of unrealistic goals and beliefs about how we
and others should be (men look in the mirror and see a small build, women look in the mirror
and see a bigger image of themselves- body dysmorphia) (if you have an ideal self and there is a
big gap between your realistic self and your ideal self, the harder it will be on you, unrealistic)
Challenge these beliefs and replace with realistic ones
Involves setting realistic goals, engaging in positive(+ve) self-talk (and stopping negative (-
ve)self-talk) and problem-solving
Coping Strategies
Food is often used as a coping mechanism (for stress, traumatic life events, way to relieve
anxiety )
Healthier ways of coping include:
o Fostering communication skills (avoid food based rewards especially with children, you
are setting kids up to base good behaviours with food, talk about stress and things you
are encountering in your life)
o Learning to manage interpersonal conflict
o Creating and maintaining healthy relationships
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Document Summary

Slow weight gain a major cause of overweight & obesity weight management important for everyone (slow weight gain over many years is what leads to overweight and obesity, it is a gradual process) Early adulthood good time to adopt healthy behaviours (develop healthy habits, easier to maintain habit than to start a new habit in adulthood) Several lifestyle factors are critical for long-term weight management. Cornell university (2003) students put on an average of 15 lbs between time they left high school and end of first year university ( freshman 15 ) 4 lbs during the first 3 months eleven times expected weight gain for typical 17-18 year old and twenty times expected weight gain for average adult. Accounted for by all-you-can eat dining facilities, more number of evening snacks, increased number of weekend meals, increased consumption of junk" foods, recent dieting. University of guelph (2006) suggest that freshman 15 is a myth.

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