Week 6 Lecture 1 February 11, 2014
Elementary and Public Education
Education as a SODH
- People with higher education tend to be healthier than those with lower educational
- Early childhood education – people under the age of 6 don’t have to go to school
o Better education – more money – higher
income benefits covered
Education - Employment Security
o More likely to have a job that pays well and
have higher security
Day care to ALL DAY JK
All Day Kindergarten
- Background: October 27, 2009, Premier McGuinty announced Kindergarten Program in
September 2010 with full implementation in all schools by September 2014. (Before,
started at grade 1)
o By September 2014, ALL schools will have been added to the list
o Kids can start as soon as age 3
o Optional – for JK…opportunity is there
- Why did the Government implement this initiative?
o Provide a solid foundation for future learning.
o Easier transition to Grade 1 – studies show pre-schooling helps…being in the
o Improve socialization – full day interaction with young peers
o Reduce Inequities
Think/Check textbook – how can it actually perpetuate inequality
“Despite considerable success, Canadian public schools struggle to respond to the challenges
posed by changes to Canadian society.” Rapheal, 2009, p156 - How to measure success – debatable
- Challenges? – think: can’t compartmentalize a child’s life….school and home
environment HIGHLY interact…school systems have to deal with family units…changes
Changing Times = New Challenges for education
- Changing family unit: Separation, Divorce, Single-parent households, blended families.
o Children living in families with two parents have more favourable behavioural,
psychological and school outcomes than children living in lone-parent or step
families (even when SES is controlled for ) (Kerr & Beaujot, 2011)
o School unit has to take that into consideration…knowing what their home
environment is like is extremely important
- Income Inequality
o Children living in poor families have higher rated of emotional and behavioural
disorders, are less likely to perform well in school and may experience a lower
level of acceptance by other.
Canadian Education Statistics Council, 2009; Phipps & Lethbridge , 2006
‘Inclusion’ – not feeling accepted/included can have profuse effects…
o Higher delinquency scores, problems with one or more basic abilities as vision,
hearing, speech, mobility.
Ross, Roberts& Scott (2000, p. 51 -54)
Variables that can ultimately lead to problems in school if not addressed.
Therefore, should know about a kid’s family financial situation/family
- Patterns of socialization
o Families vs. Families plus caregivers, peers and media
o Needing childcare ‘cause of parents…can interfere with contact with extended
families , etc.
o Peers – increased #children in childcare center …have more interaction and
learn from their peers…can be out of balance
o Avg. 8 year old spends eight hours – a day watching television or surfing the
internet (source: Children Zero – eight: Children’s Media use in America 2013)
Did you know?
- How much screen time do you think kids/adolescents are exposed to? o 0 to 7 = 2 hours
o 8 and ^ = 8 hours
o 11 to 17 = 11 hours
o Source: Canadian Report Card for Kids 2013 Active Healthy Kids Canada
- CSPE Guidelines (2012):
o For those under 2 years, screen time (e.g., TV, computer, electronic games) is
o For children 2-4 years, screen time should be limited to one hour per day; less is
o All other children, no more than 2 hours per day.
o Have to start differentiating between good and bad usage like for education
(baby picture) – Who’s responsible for this?
- Personal parent responsibility
- Social/Corporate responsibility? – should a company be allowed to produce this
- People can also have a choice…choose to buy the product
- A policy has been put in place that they are not going to put the toy/food commercials on
cartoons (that are sugary and bad for helath) - Why are screens bad for your health?
o Obesity (putting TV in bedroom ^ risk, also food commercials )
o Negative impact on cognitive development
o Irregular sleep ( problems with sleep -> fatigue -> e.g. if tired in afternoonevening
instead of doing sth active will be laying around/eatng etc.)
o Emotional, social and attention problems
o Reduces quality interactions with other human beings
- Rise of Aggression
o Aggression causes stress in schools
o Aggression or inability to channel physical aggression can lead to hyperactivity,
inattentiveness, feeling of rejection, isolation, dropout of school, become involved
with in the law.
o Bullying – in