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Lecture 6

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Anita Cramp

Week 6 Lecture 1 February 11, 2014 Elementary and Public Education Education as a SODH - People with higher education tend to be healthier than those with lower educational attainment…WHY? - Early childhood education – people under the age of 6 don’t have to go to school - - Income o Better education – more money – higher income benefits covered Education - Employment Security o More likely to have a job that pays well and have higher security Day care to ALL DAY JK All Day Kindergarten - Background: October 27, 2009, Premier McGuinty announced Kindergarten Program in September 2010 with full implementation in all schools by September 2014. (Before, started at grade 1) o By September 2014, ALL schools will have been added to the list o Kids can start as soon as age 3 o Optional – for JK…opportunity is there - Why did the Government implement this initiative? o Provide a solid foundation for future learning. o Easier transition to Grade 1 – studies show pre-schooling helps…being in the same school o Improve socialization – full day interaction with young peers o Reduce Inequities  Think/Check textbook – how can it actually perpetuate inequality “Despite considerable success, Canadian public schools struggle to respond to the challenges posed by changes to Canadian society.” Rapheal, 2009, p156 - How to measure success – debatable - Challenges? – think: can’t compartmentalize a child’s life….school and home environment HIGHLY interact…school systems have to deal with family units…changes Changing Times = New Challenges for education - Changing family unit: Separation, Divorce, Single-parent households, blended families. o Children living in families with two parents have more favourable behavioural, psychological and school outcomes than children living in lone-parent or step families (even when SES is controlled for ) (Kerr & Beaujot, 2011) o School unit has to take that into consideration…knowing what their home environment is like is extremely important - Income Inequality o Children living in poor families have higher rated of emotional and behavioural disorders, are less likely to perform well in school and may experience a lower level of acceptance by other.  Canadian Education Statistics Council, 2009; Phipps & Lethbridge , 2006  ‘Inclusion’ – not feeling accepted/included can have profuse effects… school/home environment o Higher delinquency scores, problems with one or more basic abilities as vision, hearing, speech, mobility.  Ross, Roberts& Scott (2000, p. 51 -54)  Variables that can ultimately lead to problems in school if not addressed.  Therefore, should know about a kid’s family financial situation/family situation…etc. - Patterns of socialization o Families vs. Families plus caregivers, peers and media o Needing childcare ‘cause of parents…can interfere with contact with extended families , etc. o Peers – increased #children in childcare center …have more interaction and learn from their peers…can be out of balance o Avg. 8 year old spends eight hours – a day watching television or surfing the internet (source: Children Zero – eight: Children’s Media use in America 2013) Did you know? - How much screen time do you think kids/adolescents are exposed to? o 0 to 7 = 2 hours o 8 and ^ = 8 hours o 11 to 17 = 11 hours (US stats) - Graph o Source: Canadian Report Card for Kids 2013 Active Healthy Kids Canada - CSPE Guidelines (2012): o For those under 2 years, screen time (e.g., TV, computer, electronic games) is not recommended. o For children 2-4 years, screen time should be limited to one hour per day; less is better. o All other children, no more than 2 hours per day. o Have to start differentiating between good and bad usage like for education (baby picture) – Who’s responsible for this? - Personal parent responsibility - Social/Corporate responsibility? – should a company be allowed to produce this product? - People can also have a choice…choose to buy the product - A policy has been put in place that they are not going to put the toy/food commercials on cartoons (that are sugary and bad for helath) - Why are screens bad for your health? o Obesity (putting TV in bedroom ^ risk, also food commercials ) o Negative impact on cognitive development o Irregular sleep ( problems with sleep -> fatigue -> e.g. if tired in afternoonevening instead of doing sth active will be laying around/eatng etc.) o Emotional, social and attention problems o Reduces quality interactions with other human beings o Violence/Aggression - Rise of Aggression o Aggression causes stress in schools o Aggression or inability to channel physical aggression can lead to hyperactivity, inattentiveness, feeling of rejection, isolation, dropout of school, become involved with in the law. o Bullying – in
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