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Oct 1st&3rd - Chapter 9 Leadership.docx

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Department
Kinesiology
Course
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Professor
Bob Larose
Semester
Fall

Description
Leadership st rd October 1 & 3 Leadership: a behavioural process of influencing individuals and groups toward set goals Leaders not only provide a vision of what to strive for but also give the structure, motivation and support to translate the vision into reality Leadership Comes in Two Forms: 1. Prescribed (tell people what to do) 2. Emergent (Leader by example) Can be both types simultaneously Leadership has two Demands: 1. Ensure demands of the organization are satisfied (meet goals and objectives) 2. Ensure the needs of the group members are satisfied (maximum opportunity to achieve success) Leaders are different from managers or instructors (p. 204) More recently looked at an interactional model of leadership which analyzed the relationship between the leader and the situations in which they operate. Research focused on two major aspects of the leader’s role: 1. Organizational requirements a. Productivity and performance (task orientation) 2. Personal Requirements a. Needs and aspirations b. Satisfaction (support orientation) The Result is a Situational Leadership Model for assessing leader style and athlete preference. 1. A leader’s social support enhances individual and group motivation Social Support – concern for the welfare of each individual  Positive group atmosphere  Warm interpersonal relations (trust)  Is most important during long monotonous or boring practice sessions  Is more important for experienced athletes o Since they are not focused on skills  Is more important for male athletes o Women tend to be more social 2. Training and skill instruction by the leader enhances motivation a) Ability – teach skills, techniques and tactics of the game  Arrange and conduct practice  Maximize mastery of skills  Leader must be competent to give people what they need to be successful b) Role Perception  Clarify each individual’s role and it’s relation to the whole group  Structure, co-ordinate and integrate all individuals within the group activity  This helps define reality as the leader sees it By improving technical competence and clarifying individual roles, the effort-performance relationship is enhanced and overall motivation improved. 3. Coaching decision styles influence individual levels of motivation Chelladurai: Multidimensional model of sport leadership (1980) p.212 a) Autocratic – coach makes decisions on own a. Preferred by: older athletes b. Male a
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