Kinesiology 1088A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Clarity, Lincoln Near-Earth Asteroid Research, Group Dynamics

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Kin – Classes 13 to 15 15:05
Group Dynamics: Chapter 7
A term used to talk about the vitality and changing nature of groups and to identify the
field of study that focuses on the behaviour of groups
Next to a family, a sports team may be the most influential group to which an individual
belongs – it has an extremely strong socializing impact
A sport team offers an ideal setting for research on group dynamics because:
It is a natural, not lab, setting
It can hold a constant many confounding variables (size, rules of conduct etc)
It provides an ideal context for studying cooperation, competition and conflict
Through its multitudes of stats, it offers many objective measures of group effectiveness
Groups are not necessarily a team
Definition of a TEAM:
A collection of two or more individuals
Common identity
Common goals and objectives
Structured patterns of interaction and models of communication
Common perceptions about group structures
Are interdependent (personal or task)
Interpersonal attraction
Consider themselves a group
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How does a group become a team??
Four stages of developmental sequences that the group moves through to form a team
LINEAR PERSPECTIVE:
Forming ----> Storming -----> Norming ------> Performing
Forming:
Belong – make a team
Develop interpersonal relationships
Determine roles (formal and informal)
Storming:
Resistance to control
Rebel against the leader
Stress and tension
(cliques may start, people may still think they're better then everyone else)
Norming:
Solidarity and cooperation
Group cohesion (team unity)
Combines effort towards a common task (win/productivity)
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Includes behaviour, belief, and performance
Performing:
Well defined roles
Stable relationships
Importance of everyone's contribution
Primary goal is team success
(leader recognized good behaviour and playing and positively reinforce it, players and
back ups group)
Team Climate:
How individuals perceive the interrelationships among the group members:
Social Support
Emotional support
Performance feedback
Role clarification
Empathy
Listen to others
Proximity (how close in physical or mental setting):
Near each other (close contact)
Dorms, roommates, dressing room locations
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