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Lecture 2

Management and Organizational Studies 1022F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Toronto Pearson International Airport, Sheet Metal, Airline Hub

Management and Organizational Studies
Course Code
MOS 1022F/G
Suzanne Kearns

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Civil Aviation
Civil Aviation = anything that’s not the military
General Aviation
Canada has the second largest civil aircraft fleet in the world
o29,064 fixed-wing
o2,505 rotary wing aircrafts
o80% operate within the general aviation (GA) sector
oGA = all air operations outside of the military and airline environment
Canadian Owners and Pilots Association (COPA)
Formed in 1952
Represent interested of personal aviation
oSector of GA
oPersonal travel and recreation
Non-profit organization
Supports pilots by defending their right to the freedom of Canadian airspace
In the 50s, COPA worked to raise awareness about the flying community
oPromotes safety through education and lower the cost of flying
1952 = 7k pilots
o4560 private
o2505 commercial
oMore commercial aircrafts than private
2008 = 64542 pilots
o39,944 non-commercial
o2:1 ratio, non-commercial to commercial
General Aviation (GA) Sectors
Major components include
oFlight training
oPersonal aviation
oCorporate travel
oHelicopter operations
oCharter flights
oBush flying
oAgricultural operations
oSight-seeing trips
Flight Training
Vital part of GA
388 flight training units across Canada

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Pilot permit recreational (PP-R) = permit to fly during daylight and good weather with
max of 1 passenger
oGood for recreational pilots
oAt least 16 years of age
oCategory 4 medical
o60% on recreational written exam
o25 hours of flight training
oComplete of flight test
PPL = good for pilots trying to achieve a higher level license
oCan’t work for hire
o17 years of age
oCategory 3
o40 hours ground school
o60% on exam
o45 hours flight training
oComplete flight test
PPL leads to CPL
oLimited options: bush pilot or flight instructor
oRatings can be added
oCategory 1 medical
o80 hours commercial pilot ground school
o60% on exam
o200 hours flight time with 100 hours PIC and 65 hours training after PPL
oComplete flight test
4-5 years after flight instructor or bush pilot, you can get an airline transport pilot’s
license (ATPL)
oATPL = highest level of license
oGroup 1 instrument rating
o21 years
oCategory 1
o70% on each of 3 exams
o1500 hours flight time
oComplete flight test
Pilot must complete rating course and annual recurrent training
Multi-crew pilot’s license (MPL)
oResponse to pilot shortage
oAllows rapid training of pilot to directly feed airlines
oPermits a person to act as co-pilot (NOT PIC) on a multi-engine transport
category aircraft (IFR VFR)
Takes 15 months
Integrates heavy use of simulation and scenario-based training
oLimited to only the airline that is sponsoring you
Personal Aviation

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Fly for fun
Very light jets (VLJs) are created for this
oVery advanced
oMore advanced than some of the airline flights
Very Light Jets (VLJs)
Defined as jet aircraft weighing 10k pounds or less
Possess at least some of the following
oAdvanced cockpit automation
Moving map GPS and multifunction displays
oAutomated engine and systems management
oIntegrated autoflight, autopilot and flight guidance systems
They cost less than traditional jet (approx. $2mil)
5-6 seats
Land on shorter runways
Operated by single pilot
Aircraft Manufacturing
Major developer of aerospace products
$20bil worth of Canadian aerospace products sold
Other leading Canadian companies in the aerospace industry include:
oDiamond aircraft
Began in Austria and Dimona Motor-glider
International rep for style, efficiency, safety
Focusing on developing VLJ – the D-jet
D-jet = single engine = better fuel efficiency than multi-engine VLJ
Developing jet is more complicated than piston engine aircraft
oJet aircraft has to consider;
Higher airspeeds
Decreased flight stability at high altitudes
Certification process takes 4 years for a VLJ
VLJ has to pass tests, which include
oAdding extreme weight to the body of the aircraft to determine ultimate break
oContinually running a fuselage through pressurization and depressurization cycles
to simulate fifty years of daily operation
oIncreasing the pressure of the fuselage to point where something breaks to see
what breaks first
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