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Lecture 6

Canada Navigation System – Lecture 6.docx

Management and Organizational Studies
Course Code
MOS 1022F/G
Suzanne Kearns

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Canada Navigation System Lecture 6
Pilots cannot navigate from departure to destination airports independently
ANS Infrastructure
Airport Equipment
o Fuel Service
o Maintenance of Runway Surfaces
o Lighting
o Taxiways
o Radio frequencies
o Approach and departure procedures
Regulations including VFR and IFR, airspace and airways
Visual reference to the ground
Rely on geographical characteristics of the land
Minimum visibility and distance-from-ground
Rely on cockpit instrumentation
In touch with ATC-who ensures separation
Airspace Classification
o All airspace under one of seven categories from A to G
Airspace Structure
Control Area Extensions (CAEs)
o Airspace around airports
Control Zones
o Keeps IFR in controlled airspace on approach and departure
Terminal Control Areas
o Airspace over busy airport
o Ensures IFR traffic on approach or departure have traffic information
Accepted responsibility for Canada’s ANS on 1 November 1996
Private sector non-share capital company for $1.5 billion
o 1st private sector company to commercialize a gov’t service
o safety performance still regulated
Mandate is to promote safety and efficiency in Canada ANS
Created through collaborative efforts of several groups in aviation sector
Generates revenues through customer service charges to airlines and aircraft
o GA aircraft are charged $68/year
o Larger aircraft are charged based on weight and distance flown.
Canada’s ANS in the 2nd largest in the world
Facilities include:
o 7 area control centers (ACC’s)
o 41 Control Towers
o 59 Flight Service Stations (FSSs)
o 8 Flight information Centers (FICs)
o Over 1000 ground-based navigation aids
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