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MU1711 Jan 14

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Music 1711F/G
Kate Helsen

Jan 14 Origins of Plainchant – Jewish rituals of singing psalms, praying – Central feature of Christianity – re-enactment of the Last Supper (also a Jewish tradition: Passover) – Psalms – first texts to be set to chant, then Biblical texts, and finally non- Biblical texts (such as poetry and prayers) – Early Church Fathers (St. Basil, St. Augustine) were sceptical about music's role in church. The Lack of Notation “Because sound is a sense impression, it vanishes as time passes and is imprinted upon the memory... if a man does not remember sounds they perish, for they cannot be written down...” (Isidore of Seville 560 – 636) – Can't describe how something sounded unless they were actually there th – Rome becomes dominant in chant traditions in 8 century – emperor makes Rome important centre. – Many different Christian rites developed in different geographical areas: Roman chant (Rome), Ambrosian chant (in Milan and northern Italy, named after St. Ambrose, bishop of Milan: 374 – 397 – Gallican chant (Franks and Gauls in
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