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MU1711 Feb 1

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Western University
Music 1711F/G
Kate Helsen

Feb 1 – Music in the 14 Century: France: the ars nova th French Music in the 14 Century – Up to now, pan-European style (Spain, England etc.) – *Ars Nova “new art” style – always associated with 14th century French music – de Vitry's treatise on the style is called ars nova. New rhythmically enhanced style of writing. – Johannes de Muris (ca. 1300-1350) also wrote a music theory treatise: Ars novae musicae (the new art of music). Ars Nova – Increased use of minims and semi-minims – the long is no longer relevant. – Duple metre is as legitimate as triple due to notation shift – focus on smaller notation divisions. – Imperfections created by notes not 'next' to each other in value eg. A minim imperfects a breve, etc. Relating two notes or more apart creates rhythmic complexity. – Using red ink (colouration) to imperfect a note value. Mensural Signs – Circle/half-circle: indicates how many semibreves in a breve – Circle: 3 ('perfection') – Half-circle: 2 ('imperfection') Dot/No dot: indicates how many minims in a semibreve. – Dot: 3 ('Major') – No Dot: 2 ('Minor') The 'Tempus' corresponds to semibreve-breve ratio (eg. Circle/half-circle sign) The 'Prolatio' corresponds to the minim-semibreve ratio (eg. Dot/no dot sign). pg 76 eg. 3-1 Perfect Tempus, Perfect Prolation: circle, dot – worth 3 semibreves, 3 minims. 9/8 b/c 9 beats divided into 3 pulses. Perfect Tempus, Imperfect Prolation: circle, no dot – 3 semibreves, 2 per minims, 3/4 Imperfect Tempus, Perfect Prolation – half-circle, dot – 2 semibreves, 3 minims, 6/8 Imperfect Tempus, Imperfect Prolation – half-circle, no dot – 2 semibreves, 2 minims 2/4 – cut time C does not stand for cut – it stands for imperfect tempus, imperfect prolation Le Roman de Fauvel (1316) – Satirical allegory about a donkey who rises from the stable to be ruler of a noble household. – One of the 12 manuscript sources for this includes music – Some of this music was probably written by Philippe de Vitry himself. – Garrit gallus/In nova fert/Neuma is in the Roman and is also used in de Vitry's treatise. Refers to the type of piece – three different text Isorhythm Compositional technique used between 1300-1459 'Iso' = 'same' Talea: rhythmic pattern, repeated throughout the voice part from start to finish. Color: melody, usually repeated, not necessarily the same length as the talea. Another Rhythmic Complexity... – To reduce note values by 1/3, write them in red ink. – When this happens in Garrit gallus, the
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