Music 1711F/G Lecture Notes - Organum, Discant, Conductus
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Jan 30 – Polyphony to 1300: Clausulae, Motets, Conducti and
Clausulae and Motets
Franco of Cologne: mid-13th century - Mensural Notation
Further Developments from Organum
–Three types of medieval genres formed
1. Claudula (pl. Clausulae)
–Sections of organum pieces recomposed in the same style and substituted
in for the original section. Substitute for discant organum style; put into the
–Composed in discant organum style
–Some pieces have many different palces where clausulae can be used, and
have many different clausulae composed for one passage eg. Word or
–The result of taking a longer clausula on its own and setting a new text to
the duplum voice.
–Not the same text – new text on the upper voice
–Their own thing coming from organum
–First secular polyphony
–Popular in late 12th and early 13th centuries
–comes from “mot” - “word” b/c text set in the duplum were often French
instead of Latin (or another vernacular)
–Term “motetus” is now used to talk about the duplum voice that has this
–Since the motet is not liturgical music, composers can have more
–Modify the tenor (eg. Riffs off of its plainchant origins) and then compose
new ones altogether.
–Polytextual motet: when you have two texts going at the same time in
–Polylingual motet: when those different texts are in different languages
(such as Latin and French).
Difference b/w clausula and motet
–Cl is recomposing a part of organum within a piece, motet – its own part
–Motets were a quite exclusive art form appreciated by educated classes
–Sometimes the tenor is left without text. Instruments may have played
these lines too.
3. Conductus (pl. Conducti)
–Further free compositional landscape
–Pieces which set metric poetry for 1 – 4 voices
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version