Wrote during the time of the english civil war conflict between royal and parliamentary forces. The political strife was a cause for great concern. This is a prescriptive claim; a prescription of reason (a moral claim towards peace). 1st law: seek peace when possible - use all the advantages of war when peace is not possible. 3rd law: perform covenants made: mutual contract. Almost there, but we have come to an impasse: hobbes"s solution: mutually institute a political body with the power, via the fear of punishment, to collapse inforo interno obligation into infor externo obligation. Sovereign is not party to the contract to institute sovereignty: not possible for the. Sovereign to breach a covenant, and more importantly, to perpetrate an injustice. Not party to the multitude because there is no sovereign before the mutual contract . Not party to contract with each individual insipient subject .