Philosophy 3820F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Brian Berry, Brexit, Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

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Day 9
There is a connection between nationalistic sentiment and dead people
Why is it bad to die?
Texas case where woman killed her children because they would be
better off in heaven
If there’s nothing bad that you face when you die then why is it bad to
die?
Ought to be able to explain why its worse to die young
A theory: Williams/Blackburn
Something has to be a motivating reason (internalism)
A person has subjective motivational set (desires, plans, projects,
preferences, commitments)
The subjective motivational set is forward looking
If you die all of this goes out the window
Death is bad because it cuts off all of the options that you had
Those left behind
It can be good to do what a dead person wants
Were going to be more committed to this thing if we have an
emotional attachment to them if they die
We may have or feel obligations to people who are now dead
Objection: it will not do anything for the person
Owen WIngrave
Supposed to enlist in the army since a long line of his family went to this
military school
Morality
The nature of rationality
A need
The idea of a need is a bare minimum
You cant always get what you want but if you try you might get something
that you need
The UDHR
Armstrong
If a person who fears to leave her house she does not have security of the
person
Argument that this is more important than say to join a trade union
Freedom of association
Who has a duty
Shue
Duties of global distributive justice must fall on institution
Is must correct
Griffin (what’s an imperfect duty)
Something you cannot rightly do
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Document Summary

There is a connection between nationalistic sentiment and dead people. Texas case where woman killed her children because they would be better off in heaven. Ought to be able to explain why its worse to die young. Something has to be a motivating reason (internalism) A person has subjective motivational set (desires, plans, projects, preferences, commitments) The subjective motivational set is forward looking. If you die all of this goes out the window. Death is bad because it cuts off all of the options that you had. It can be good to do what a dead person wants. Were going to be more committed to this thing if we have an emotional attachment to them if they die. We may have or feel obligations to people who are now dead. Objection: it will not do anything for the person. Supposed to enlist in the army since a long line of his family went to this military school.

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