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Western University
Philosophy 2801F/G

READINGS WEEK 1 LECT 1 – CHPT 1 THE PROJECT  Recent emphasis has been on the ideals of justice, freedom, and community which are invoked when evaluating political institutions and policies  Left and right are distinguished by their views of freedom and justice in the traditionally male dominated spheres of government and economy  Communitarians believe that evaluating political institutions cannot be a matter of judging the against some independent a historical standards  That alongside the older appeal to equality(socialism) and liberty (libertarianism) political theories now appeal to the ultimate values of contractual agreement and the common good laid out by Rawls  Monistic theory of justice – to subordinate all other values to one overriding value seems almost fanatical  One traditional aim of political philosophy was to find coherent and comprehensive rules for deciding between conflicting political values  Political philosophy drowning in its own success  On Dworkin’s view every plausible political theory has the same ultimate value which is equality  Egalitarian theory we mean a theory which supports an equal distribution of income  Egalitarian theories enquire that the government treat its citizens with equal consideration  Not every political theory ever invented is egalitarian in this broad sense  The traditional view tells us that the fundamental argument in political theory is whether to accept equality as a value, revised view tells us that the fundamental argument is not whether to accept equality but how best to interpret it A NOTE ON METHOD  Evaluating a particular
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