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Argument from Design Notes.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
Philosophy 1020
Professor
John Thorp
Semester
Fall

Description
Philosophy Lecture 5 September 26, 2013 The Argument from Design (Teleological Argument)  First Pass: Aquinas’ fifth way  Fifth Way­ Governance of the World ­ Natural bodies act for an end, including natural bodies, which lack knowledge or  intelligence ­ Non­intelligent natural bodies which act for an end must have their action directed  by a being endowed with knowledge and intelligence  Therefore an intelligent being exists there somewhere  A Question about the Fifth Way ­ Is it true that acting for an end or purpose (‘purposive behaviour’) requires  knowledge and intelligence EX. Cybernetics … Science of self­governing machines  Aquinas’ point would be precisely that a cybernetic machine has had  Are social insects a case of non­intelligent BUT purposive behavior?  (The relation between cybernetics and the social insects) Intelligent Design Second pass: Paley’s Watch (The Watchmaker) William Paley (1743­1805)  The Argument 1. A watch is an elaborate mechanism whose parts serve certain ends  2. We infer that the watch was made by an intelligent watchmaker  3. The universe is also an elaborate mechanism whose parts serve certain ends  4. Therefore, by analogy, we should infer that the universe was made by an  intelligent universe maker (God)  Three Criticisms of Paley a) Hume’s Criticism  ­ David Hume (1711­1776) … Revolutionary Philosopher  ­ ‘Unintelligent Design’ – The unintelligent eye  b) Argument by Analogy  ­ Because two things resemble each other in one respect, they must resemble each  other in other respects  EX. Leaves are complex cellulose structures, Leave
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