Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Greek Civil War, Economic Sanctions, Dayton Agreement

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
International Law and Peace Keeping
The UN:
Designed as a collective security system
UN was unable to perform its collective security functions because of the disagreement
between the US and the SU in the security council.
Korean anomaly=only example of UN collective security action
1948- 2008: 63 peacekeeping operations
Origin of UN peacekeeping: observer and true supervision missions
Established observation mission in
1947 during Greek civil war,
1948 after Arab-Israeli war,
in 1949 after war between India and Pakistan
The UN Emergency Force--The Suez Crisis
Traditional Peacekeeping:
Impartiality: No sides should be favoured by UN
Nonhostile and lightly armed personnel: UN peacekeepers were unarmed or lightly
armed for self-defence only
Consent: consent of the parties for UN force to be dispatched and to remain
Keep, but don’t make, the peace: had to have a peace to keep
Military Personnel: UN operations were carried out primarily by individuals with
military status
Proper authorization: generally under authorization of Security Council, although some
earlier cases were authorized by the GA
Nonterritoriality: Peacekeepers patrolled a zone that had been negotiated by parties to
a dispute
UN peacekeepers: Nobel Peace Prize in 1988
Character of peacekeeping operations began to change by 1990-91 because:
Domination of intrastate conflicts
Security Council was more capable of reaching agreements on the creation of
peacekeeping forces due to the ending of the cold war
Optimism for UN to act as an instrument for international peacereflected in An
Agenda for Peace, by Secretary-General Boutrous Boutros-Ghali in 1992
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Document Summary

Un was unable to perform its collective security functions because of the disagreement between the us and the su in the security council. Korean anomaly=only example of un collective security action. Origin of un peacekeeping: observer and true supervision missions. 1948 after arab-israeli war, in 1949 after war between india and pakistan. Impartiality: no sides should be favoured by un. Nonhostile and lightly armed personnel: un peacekeepers were unarmed or lightly armed for self-defence only. Consent: consent of the parties for un force to be dispatched and to remain. Keep, but don"t make, the peace: had to have a peace to keep. Military personnel: un operations were carried out primarily by individuals with military status. Proper authorization: generally under authorization of security council, although some earlier cases were authorized by the ga. Nonterritoriality: peacekeepers patrolled a zone that had been negotiated by parties to a dispute. Character of peacekeeping operations began to change by 1990-91 because:

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