Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Friedrich Engels, Mikhail Bakunin, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

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Basic notion: political society based on co-operation. Philosophical background: plato (4th century bc, thomas more (16th century, karl marx & friedrich engels (early 19th century, most influential socialist was karl marx (1818-1883) Most of what we now refer to as socialism is directly traceable to the ideas of marx. Anarchist socialists : bakunin & proudhon (19th century, v. i. Main ideas: humans are co-operative by nature or can easily be made to be co-operative, based on planning and not supply and demand, common ownership- no private ownership, equality of result. International brotherhood of man- humans are equal, not divided by race or wealth. #2: the proletariat: those workers who must sell their labour power on the open market, mainly the industrial working class, capitalism is plagued by contradictions, too much produced and not enough consumed. Workers are increasingly too poor to buy products.

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