Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Senate Of Canada, Pass Laws, Responsible Government

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Document Summary

Representative assemblies: to legislate, in parliamentary systems, keep executive in check, to create alternative executive if one is required, to represent constituents, for opposition members, debate all issues. Based on representation by population: ex: house of commons, house of representatives, upper house . Often based on regional representation: ex: canadian and american senate, bundesrat. Can be appointed by federal government: canadian senate, bundesrat. Can be appointed by legislatures: american senate after 1913. Mostly dealt with by senate: public bills, private bills. Bill process: first reading, if a bill gets cabinet committee approval, and approval of full cabinet, second reading bill is announced in the house of commons, leads to debate and vote on principle of bill. If accepted, bill usually goes to a relevant parliamentary committee which may propose amendments to bill: third reading, royal assent, full house votes on original, or, if agreed, an amended bill.