Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Foederati, Canadian Federalism, New Economics Foundation

14 views4 pages
Published on 16 Nov 2011
School
Western University
Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 1020E
Professor
June 10, 2008
Forms of Government Continued
Federalism
“federal”
oLatin: foedus = covenant, union, compact
Decentralized Centralized
Sovereign states confederations federations devolution unitary states
Modern federalism
oPowers and responsibilities divided between at least 2 constitutionally
protected levels of government
Federal government, “provinces”, “states”, “cantons”, etc
oSovereignty is shared
Each level is “sovereign” within its own constitutionally defined
sphere of control
No level is supreme
Powers can be rearranged only by consent of both constituent units
and federal government
Goes against the idea that “sovereignty” is indivisible
“Confederalism”
oConstituent units are sovereign
o General government only has powers which are given by constituent units
These powers can be taken back by constituent units alone
Devolution
oSovereign central government gives significant powers to lower levels
These powers can be taken back by central government alone
Unitary State
oCentral government totally dominates
Only minimal powers given to lower levels
oCan be taken back by central government alone
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Document Summary

Federal : latin: foedus = covenant, union, compact. Sovereign states confederations federations devolution unitary states: modern federalism, powers and responsibilities divided between at least 2 constitutionally protected levels of government. Federal government, provinces , states , cantons , etc: sovereignty is shared sphere of control. Each level is sovereign within its own constitutionally defined. Powers can be rearranged only by consent of both constituent units and federal government. Goes against the idea that sovereignty is indivisible. Confederalism : constituent units are sovereign, general government only has powers which are given by constituent units. These powers can be taken back by constituent units alone: devolution, sovereign central government gives significant powers to lower levels. These powers can be taken back by central government alone: unitary state, central government totally dominates, can be taken back by central government alone. Only minimal powers given to lower levels. Ex: germany, which has less formal divisions of functions.

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