Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Teleology, Comfort Women, Bernard Crick

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© Nigmendra Narain, Poli Sci, 1020, 2011-12: Page 1 of 2
Lecture 5:
Society, Government & Politics
©Nigmendra Narain
Claims
Empirical = factual
Normative = evaluative second part
Combination of both in all claims about politics, etc.
Change over time ie. People used to believe that the world was flat. This was a factual
claim, but now we know it is false. Now saying the world is flat is saying we are all
interconnected
Society
2 or more people developing/having a social relationship with each other
voluntary & spontaneous
self-sufficient in the sense of reproduction and economic survival
Aristotle says, “man is a social animal”
Teleology ----People want to be in a POLITICAL COMMUNITY (state):
Family>village>society>state
Not being political is a way in which people are political
common rules of conduct
o enforceable commands
o predictable behaviour
1. different societies have differing levels of predictable behaviour
Individual: one human being
Politics
Is pursued through Coalitions -- collective configurations: personal relationships,
family, formal alliances(banks putting money into political parties), mass politics,
etc,
Idea of the Common Good: -may hurt individual interest, but is better for the
greater good.
o Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
o "polis" = "city-state" in Greece
o common political community
o pursuing the "idea of the common good" -- not self-interest(s)
1. not Adam Smith‟s „collection of self-interest(s) which is our modern
understanding of the „good‟for everyone
2. Rousseau: general will = good.
Human Projects:
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Document Summary

Combination of both in all claims about politics, etc. Change over time ie. people used to believe that the world was flat. This was a factual claim, but now we know it is false. Now saying the world is flat is saying we are all interconnected. 2 or more people developing/having a social relationship with each other. Self-sufficient in the sense of reproduction and economic survival. Aristotle says, man is a social animal . Teleology ----people want to be in a political community (state): Not being political is a way in which people are political. Common rules of conduct: enforceable commands, predictable behaviour, different societies have differing levels of predictable behaviour. Is pursued through coalitions -- collective configurations: personal relationships, family, formal alliances(banks putting money into political parties), mass politics, etc, Idea of the common good: -may hurt individual interest, but is better for the greater good.

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