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Political Science 2133A/B Lecture Notes - Quebec Nationalism, Secondary Sector Of The Economy, Jean Lesage

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2133A/B

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Quebec 20/10/2008 13:10:00
1.5 million sq km. largest Canadian province. Most people live in
Montréal but the legislature is in Quebec city. 7.5 million people. 5.8 million
have French as their mother tongue. 575,000 have English. 4 mill speak
French only, 3 mill speak both.
Economic Profile
-contribution to GDP is 20.2%
-2008 provincial budget based on 63 billion in revenue (Quebec
economy compares to the scope of Portugal)
-primary sector: agriculture (4th largest), mining, forestry, and
hydroelectric power
-secondary sector: manufacturing
-tertiary- services
-unemployment rate 7.7%
Quebec as a have not province
-The average family income $37,700 is below the national standard
-Most primary operations are small scale
Most major manufacturing is relatively new
-until 30 years ago there was a high birth rate and low levels of
-a lot of foreign ownership
-because of the church, emphasis on non-material values and goals.
aging population and a troublesome low birth rate
-need to secure high tech jobs and move jobs from primary sectors to future
-outmigration is a problem
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organized labour historically weak in Quebec but now about 41% of paid
workers are unionized.
Political Culture
1960 quiet revolution. 3 notions:
-transformation of quebec nationalism
-transfer of powers from civil society to the state
-confrontation between the state and traditional elites who dominated
Pre-Quiet Revolution: Moral, conservative, rural, relatively uneducated,
inward looking, change averse, deferential to authority., prone to patronage.
Unions had a hard time organizing because they challenged the established
the asbestos strike, February 1949. Occurred new Asbestos Quebec.
Workers from 4 Asbestos mines walked off the mines (unheard of).
American/ English Canadian owned but operated by Francophone’s. they
had some major demands. The strike was illegal and the premiere sided with
the companies. Provincial gov sent police to protect the mines. 6 weeks in
strike breakers were hired to keep the mines open… strike eventually turned
violent. They barricaded the mines and all roads in and out of the town.
Stikers backed down when police threatened to open fire. Riot act read and
police arrested and beat many. After arrests unions decided to compromise
and negotiate with the company. They got small wage increases and many
workers weren’t even hired back.
lead to upheaval in Quebec society lead by pro unionist Marchard, Pierre
Jean Lesage- took over functions of the church.
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