Political Science 2231E Lecture Notes - Social Dynamics, John Mueller, Demographic Threat

20 views3 pages
Wednesday, 13 March, 2013
Small Wars, Civil Wars, & Intervention
The United States has engaged in 5 major wars post-Cold War:
The Gulf War (Kuwait & Iraq - 1991)
- First major post-Cold War conflict (beings 17 January 1991)
- Iraq was alleging that Kuwait was taping into Iraq’s oil using slant drilling leading to Iraq
entering Kuwait
- Issue was that Kuwait served as a buffer between Saudi Arabia & Iraq
- Goal was to force Iraq out of Kuwait, which it had claimed as province in August 1990
- First military victory since WWII
- Characterized by use of precision air power (Operation Instant Thunder)
Bosnia (1995)
- War breaks out between the Bosnian army & Bosnian Serbs (Republika Srpska) during the
collapse of Yugoslavia
- In 1993, NATO agrees to enforce a no-fly zone over Bosnia and provides support to UN
peacekeepers under attack
- In August 1995, NATO undertakes an extensive air campaign in response to Serb attacks in the
Sarajevo safe zone
- Late 1995, the Dayton Accords end the conflict
- Bush/Clinton Presidency
Kosovo (1999)
- During the breakup of Yugoslavia, Kosovo is an autonomous province within Serbia
- Kosovo had a referendum in which they voted for independence from both Yugoslavia & Serbia
- In 1996 the Kosovo Liberation Army forms after failed bid for political independence
- Mid-1998, Serbian army enters Kosovo in response to violence
- January 1999, 45 Albanians killed by Serbian forces
- February 1999 Rambouillet peace conference fails
- Russians not involved
- March - April 1999 NATO bombs Serbia and in June Serbia agrees to terms, Kosovo succeeds
to become an independent nation
- Illustrates that the U.S would only use force in combination with diplomacy
- Occurred under Clinton
Afghanistan (2001)
- U.S. cooperation with the Northern Alliance overthrows the Taliban through extensive reliance
on airpower (Operation Enduring Freedom)
- Kabul falls on 12 November 2001 and in December, Mullah Omar abandons Kandahar
- As of 2002, the U.S. & NATO forces are engaged in an occupation of Afghanistan and are
fighting an insurgency
- NATO casualties are greater during the occupation than during combat operations
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The united states has engaged in 5 major wars post-cold war: The gulf war (kuwait & iraq - 1991) First major post-cold war conflict (beings 17 january 1991) Iraq was alleging that kuwait was taping into iraq"s oil using slant drilling leading to iraq entering kuwait. Issue was that kuwait served as a buffer between saudi arabia & iraq. Goal was to force iraq out of kuwait, which it had claimed as province in august 1990. Characterized by use of precision air power (operation instant thunder) War breaks out between the bosnian army & bosnian serbs (republika srpska) during the collapse of yugoslavia. In 1993, nato agrees to enforce a no-fly zone over bosnia and provides support to un peacekeepers under attack. In august 1995, nato undertakes an extensive air campaign in response to serb attacks in the. Late 1995, the dayton accords end the conflict. During the breakup of yugoslavia, kosovo is an autonomous province within serbia.

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
Booster Classes