Political Science 2231E Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Hedley Bull, Immanuel Kant, Hugo Grotius

43 views3 pages
The social (instead of interests) framework as a way of analyzing global politics
FOCUS: COOPERATION in global politics
If you solve the security dilemma amongst states, can you then solve social and justice
1950s-1980s: E.H. Carr, Charles Manning Martin Wight, Hedley Bull, Adam Watson
Affect questions, research and conclusions
Normative questions and values matter
Focus = academic analysis is not just through one process -- it is through
philosophy, history and law, and more than just ‘states as actors’ or the ‘anarchical
state system’
Social factors -- we throw our garbage away even though it's not a necessity
of being a student
Not interested in making everything policy-relevant through data collection,
manipulation and hypothesis testing & confirmation (American behaviouralism)
Approach to IR:
Realism and Idealism
History and Theory
Power and Morality -- there's questions of power that are incorrectly used, but in
order to do that we have to make some moral claims
Explanatory and Interpretive
Agency and Structure -- look at states and how they interact with structure
Common Ground between these two approaches
Exclusivity is arbitrary
Machiavelli: dualism
Approaches to IR need not be dichotomous (oppositional)
Cooperation can be made permanent -- they agree with this position
Need to understand states as a social system -- composed of/by/for people
Say that states can and will behave as members of an international society of states --
disagreement with realists
Privileged community
Political elite
Sometimes diplomats don't say what they're supposed to say -- social system
between romney and obama, talking about "act of terror"
Diplomacy is very important, and important to analyze as a social system states are
not a black box
Disagreed with Realists on some key points -- including "cooperation"
Realism: war
Grotian: reform, legal (international law)
‘Revolutionism’: dismantling (radicalism)
Draws on 3 traditions:
How do we go beyond the state of war / state of nature in international relations --
beyond anarchy = what can states do under conditions of anarchy?
Draws on political theory from Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel
Kant and other European thinkers
Lecture 5 - English School & Constructivism
10:40 AM
POLITICS 2231E Page 1
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.