Lecture 12 - Lenses on the Cold War.pdf

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Exam:
135 multiple choice questions in 2 hrs
Review session on Monday 17th 2-4pm Middlesex College
Disagrees with Neorealists & Neoliberals
US-USSR relationship during Cold War
"Security problematic" -- what is the security problem between these 2?
A regime is a concept of neoliberals.
He is a Realist
He believes there are no regimes or norms
They showed restraint out of self-interest -- it was better to not go against
each other
Interests change = behaviour change (happened in US and USSR)
Cooperation does not effect each other’s behaviour -- Americans pulled out
of Vietnam, but this did not change how USSR behaves
He is against neoliberals:
Does MAD (mutual assured destruction) work? No
Prepared offensive attack against USSR & had defensive positions
US...
Defence & Deterrence (simpson water example)
‘Correlates of Forces’ model -- lots of soldiers all over the place (more
people in comparison to US)
Push Security Dilemma for others
USSR...
For Jervais, the explanation of the Cold War lies in perception
He is against neorealists:
View …
Jervis’ contribution
We put ourselves in the shoes of the leaders and see what would be a rational
decision from their perspective
View of events
Some common views
Usually do not understand each other
Conservative posture necessary due to uncertainty
Perception:
States, leaders, militaries, governments, bureaucrats, policies
So what does he analyze?
Robert Jervis (Realist)
For Hobsbawm, the cold war was a fight between Capitalism v. Communism = a fight
over the way of life & over the dominant global economic system
Defines the 20th century -- changes technology, the way we think about freedom,
mass education…
50 years of Great Power peace
2 camps around 2 states this gives us bipolarity (either you're with the capitalists
or the communists)
Cold War:
As a model to rest of the world
Produce similar results = massive social infrastructure & economic investment
The goal of each side was to dominate each other’s economic, political & social system
The cold war was stability, not peace
Military-industrial complex exists in the US and is also in the USSR
CAPITALISTS “win” over communists -- it’s a failing of the communists, this has to
be a lesson for socialists
New options? …
Wants to understand the Impact of the Cold War...as ending rivalries
Economy, economic systems, ideologies, classes, states (subservient to classes --
He analyzes…
Eric Hobsbawm (Marxist)
Lenses on the Cold War
Ideological tennis match
-
Nuclear arms race
-
Perception of forces
(NOT)
-
Economic leverage
-
Alliances
-
His Key Issues:
Lenses on the Cold War
December-05-12
10:42 AM
POLITICS 2231E Page 1
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