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Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Nigmendra Narain

Classifying States ©Nigmendra Narain Comparative Politics ● Sub-field in political science ● Method: comparison ○ Agents: individuals, states, institutions, etc. ○ Structures: capitalism, states, development, etc. –help understand politics ○ Relationship between agents & structures? In a comparative sense ● Variety of approaches Classification  Typology: classification system for claiming broad similarities or differences 1. Makes analysis easier (developed vs. developing states) 2. Comparisons  Aristotle's typology based on two questions: o who rules? o in whose interest? Who Lawful (common Lawless (private interest) Rules good) One Monarchy (UK) Tyranny (North Korea) Few Aristocracy(Iran, Oligarchy(Afghanistan, Russia) China) Democracy (Hitler’s Germany, Many Polity (Canada) Venezuela) o modern concept of "democracy" = polity -- constitutional democracy o Focus: relationship between legislative and executive o Key issue: how to set up the power structure in the State  Dickerson and Flanagan's modern typology of Political Systems  Liberal Democracy 1. The form of political system which emerged in Northern and Western Europe and European north America 2. Four operativing principles © Nigmendra Narain, King’s University College, Poli Sci, 1020, Term 2, 2012-13: Page 1 of 2 1. Equality of political rights: right t
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