Class Notes (834,804)
Canada (508,727)

POLISCI 1020E: Conservatism, Part II.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

IN THE 19 THCENTURY  movement dominated by enlightenment Catholic Church Pope Pius IX (1792-1878)  1864: Syllabus of Errors: attack on Liberalism o human reason requires God‟s help to discover truth and promote human welfare  we can‟t find the truth without the help of religion o Catholic religion is the only religion of the state o anti-enlightenment; denying Church/State separation o rejection of central liberal claims o applying reason to social problem to solve them o rejection of freedom of conscious, secular education o rejection of authority of the civil law— religious law should carry the state Cultural Conservatism  prime figures were literary figures o Wordsworth, Coleridge, et al.  Coleridge (Burkean): the germs of all political truths are to be found in Burke‟s writings  sad about loss of religious faith and connection with others  favor emotion over reason o the French revolution placed too much faith in reason  simple, rural, communal life and natural hierarchy o key figures were heroic figures in the literature: these people were destined to lead (natural hierarchy)  industry is dehumanizing and alienating o world is changing quickly… for the worse o dislike mechanization of society  commerce and capitalism destroy culture and spirituality o human beings are not fundamentally market actors, we should reject mindset of businessman/material culture  worried about commercial activity and reject pursuit of profit and material wealth o emphasis is on getting and spending— superficial and shallow Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881)  British prime minister  Whigs (bourgeoisie) and Tories (conservatives— landowning aristocracy) Tory Democracy  attract support from aristocratic landowners and working class  get working class to vote conservative by addressing working class needs: improve working conditions, support right to organize and strike  encourage working class to support monarchy and church Essentially supports working class in order to get votes while saying that we are all under the King/Queen. 19 thCentury Conservatism in the US st  1 strand: cultural conservatives reject rationalist pursuit of perfection and identify harmful effects of capitalism  2nd strand: economic conservatives defend liberal society and laissez-faire capitalism o starts to refer to industrialists, the defenders of private property o free market conservatives o try to retain the time when the state didn‟t intervene Conservatism vs. Mass Society  conservatives distrust democracy: it leads to chaos and dictatorship o there used to be an ordered hierarchy, but now there is inclusion of the masses— mob mentality  masses are ignorant and unrestr
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.