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Liberalism, Part One

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Political Science
Political Science 1020E

Liberalism, Part One 27 October 2011 - look at Rulebook for Arguments Ideologies: The Four function of Ideology: Explanation: - explain the wayu the world it - why do wars happen? - make sense of world events Evaluation: - how do we want the world to be? - income? - equality? Orientation: - tells you how you fit into the world (in the big picture) Prescription: - tells us how to live your life What are NOT ideologies: - it's not just anything that ends in "ism" - terrorism: a strategy - use of power from a state (state terrrorism) - sado-masochism: a hobby - democracy: an ideal - more or less everyone thinks that democracy is a good idea - promoted in different ways (liberal, conversative) - religion: emphasizes god and afterlife (they tend too, not always) - ideologies are about life on earth (more) Human Nature: - what human beings are like - will have an account of human motivation - competitive, cooperative, adaptable - depends on the state - limits political possibilities Freedom: - each ideology defines this differently - not as if freedom is just for liberals - three parts: agent, obstacle, goal - an agent needs to be free to pursuit a goal - obstacles can be physical or mental (a false believe) - a is free from b to achieve, be, or become c - each individual may be free as long as they dont harm people (liberal) - people should not be explotied (Marx) Ideology and Revolution: - orginial meaning of revolution was return to an earlier condition - french revolution 1789: new meaning - fundamental change in a society - "revolution" means "radical change" - overthrowing the old order (cause it sucks and it is corrupt) - take it out by the root of the problem Left and Right: - meaning derives from the French Revolution - seating in the national assembly - if you had one view, you would side on one side - for or against change - the left wanted change - the right wanted to stick to the way things were Nationalism: - historical, territorial communities of belief - each nation should be self determining is a view - tied to a home land that has beliefs that they believe they are a nation - linked to a public culture - active, distinctive - ethic origins, but created by states (formed basis) - creation of states (created national idenity) - be loyal to the state - not an ideology, it is complinded with others Origins: What is Liberalism? - all liberal aim to promote individual liberty - liberals vaule liberty - eqality? everyone should have liberty Brain Barry: - 1936 - 2009 - Brits
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