PoliSci1020E January 19, 2012
First Past the Post a.k.a. Single Member Plurality
Used in Canada, India, U.K., etc.
308 ridings/seats in Canada.
The politician that wins the most votes represents the riding.
107 MPP (Provincial) ridings in Ontario.
Problems with the System
Even though the representative doesn’t have the most votes, they still become the voice
of the party.
In this past election, Conservatives were elected by 40% of the population, but have 54%
of the seats.
What matters is the total number of ridings you win. The actual number of votes comes
second. The Green Party won 4% of the vote but with one MP, only have 0.32% of the
Runoff – elections keep taking place until a party is elected by at least 50 % of the
population. E.g. France.
Preferential – you rank the candidates according to how you prefer them. Each time
the lowest ranking candidate is eliminated, your vote is transferred to your next
preference. E.g. Australia.
Number of seats a party holds repres