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Lecture

Lecture 1- crisis in the environment?

10 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2137
Professor
Ross Gibbons

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Description
Politics of the Environment--Political Science 2235 E Lecture #1 Is There A Crisis in The Environment 1. Introduction -major theme: to examine and determine (if possible) the extent to which human political systems are capable of successfully addressing the ecological question: 'to find a way of extracting from the different ecosystems in which people have lived enough resources for maintaining life--food, clothing, shelter, energy and other material goods...' without destroying the ecosystems and, inevitably, the human life which is part of them. 2. Politics: the resolution of conflict through the authoritative allocation of values (who gets what, when and how) (Easton and Lasswell) Government: the organization of people for the resolution of dispute and conflict Authoritarian Governments? Liberal-democracies? Less than half although many democracies are unstable -Canadian corporatism...hewers of wood, drawers of water...resource exploiters 3. The Environment environment ecology ecosystem sustainable development 4. The Subject Matter: Population and the Politics of the Environment: the critical element of population growth; the resources of the earth; temperate and tropical rainforests; agriculture and soils; water resources; land use practices; energy; the problem of pollution. 5. Origin of the Species: -2 billion + years in the making; 2 million =\- years in development; 100,000 years of Homo Sapiens; 40,000 years of Homo Sapiens Sapiens -the hunter-gatherers...4,000,000 -the First Great Transition ...a change in emphasis toward domestication of plants and animals made it possible for a transition to agriculture and herding; agriculture produced higher outputs which made it possible for specialization: farmers and non-farmers; the development of craftspeople, and, fairly quickly, ruling elites (first religious and then military)...the development of stratified, hierarchical societies -the Second Great Transition--the Industrial Revolution -the Third Great Transition--globalization and the transmission of Eurovalues to the entire world: individual self-interest and the separation of man and nature 6. The Political Agenda: Politics as usual: always a crisis -Rio, 1992 -the rise of neo-conservatism -The Commonsense Revolution...not a mention...then, Walkerton! -The Red Book, 1997--global warming -2002 - ratifying Kyoto and Mr. Chrétien=s swan song -2006 – is Kyoto dead under the Harper Conservatives? 7. A Behavioural and Social Crisis -decline in carrying capacity: population growth continues as does global warming; desertification, energy consumption -the ecological footprint 8. Political Efficacy -nature of brokerage politics and the domination in Canada of an elite form of corporatism 9. Conclusion: The Story of Easter Island -we assume that ecological disaster falls on the unsophisticated, the foolish, the dumb -Easter Island is the story of a society which was highly sophisticated but when it crossed the line at which the island's forests could not be sustained it steadily and irrevocably toward degradation Politics of the Environment Lecture # 1 Introduction Major Theme: To examine and determine (if possible) the extent to which human political systems are capable of successfully addressing the ecological question: 'to find a way of extracting from the different ecosystems in which people have lived enough resources for maintaining life--food, clothing, shelter, energy and other material goods...' without destroying the ecosystems and, inevitably, the human life which is part of them. Politics: the resolution of conflict through the authoritative allocation of values (who gets what, when and how) (Easton and Lasswell) Government: the organization of people for the resolution of dispute and conflict Authoritarian Governments? Liberal-democracies? Less than half although many democracies are unstable -Can
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