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Polisci 2230 March 26th.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
Political Science 2230E
Professor
Gaile Mc Gregor
Semester
Winter

Description
Polisci 2230 March 26 th Parties • Components  Party in public office – people that are elected  Extra parliamentary party – people pay a small fee and get a card  Central office – professional organizers work • Definition – an organized group that nominates candidates and contests elections in order to influence the personnel and policy of government • Unconstitutional convention • Functions Latent Representation of interests, work out compromises, educate the public, provide opportunities for citizen participation, build legitimacy for the system Work out compromises  Have conventions where they create electoral platforms, policy goals  How they manage divergent claims made upon the government  Party educates the public  Provides an opportunity for citizen participation in politics  Parties build legitimacy for the system  How parties get input from people that are not party elites Happen as a result of the manifest functions Functions parties are supposed to form to create to a strong liberal and effective democracy Manifest Organize government, mobilize legislative support, organize opposition, fight elections, select local candidates, select PM What parties do in relation to the wider system in which they are a part These functions are inherent in the role of political parties Parties organize government Mobilize legislative support for mobile policies Organize opposition in the legislature Often fight elections Parties select local candidates and candidates for the PM Candidate and leader selection • Local candidates Selected by riding associations 500 members – usually only about 30 show up “Parachuting”  telling the riding association that’s their candidate  star candidates • Leader selection Conventions th  Parties moved to this in the 20 century  A bunch of officials from the party get together in an auditorium, listen to speeches, and vote for a leader  Only delegates go  X officio delegates  Riding association delegates  Not a lot of action at early conventions (small, elite dominated)  By the late 1960s these became a huge event  With this new competitive environment came new campaign strategies – participated in trench warfare (pick ridings they thought were vulnerable, went in and signed in the members, and could rig an election result within the rules)  Brings party members from across the country together to build some of these latent policies One person one vote (O
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