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Lecture 3

Lecture Three 2231E - Sept 25.docx

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 2231E
Rado Dimitrov

September 25, 2013 International Organizations Non-State Actors - Inter-governmental Organizations (IGOs)  An institution created by an international agreement that has permanent headquarters and staff, clearly defined mandate and rules, and voluntary state membership.  Only governments may be members of IGOs.  Example: World Bank etc..  Number of IGOs in existence is over 200  Types: - Geographical - Global (Most countries will be members) - Regional (Countries in the certain region are members) – more common - Crossregional - Nongeographic - General - Specialized (focused on one or two issues) - Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)  A transnational organization of private citizens pursuing policy goals in a particular issue area.  Example: environmental groups, Greenpeace etc.. - Multinational Corporations (MNCs)  Major players in world politics because they have control of resources. Some control more economic resources than countries. - Non-state Nations  Ethnic minorities (large groups of people with the same language and culture) - Organized crime groups  Example: Mafia groups etc.. IGOs and Diplomacy - Stable negotiating forums - Facilitate cooperation among States - Supervise the solution (make sure that the treaty for example is enforced) - IGOs do not tell states cooperate but states themselves decide to cooperate and go to an IGO for help with that, make sure the solution is more likely to happen etc. Pooling Resources - IGOs and burden sharing: states may decide to work together to solve an issue and share the cost of the solution. - Efficient problem solving: states cannot always do something on their own, such as disease that moves across borders and organizations such as the World Health Organization can organize campaign to wipe out an epidemic. The United Nations - The biggest IGO in history, experiment in cooperation after World War Two. - Headquarters are in New York and in Geneva - The UN is not limited to New York and Geneva it is a framework that is all over the world with many offices and representatives. - Official UN Languages: English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Mandarin, and Russian UN System - Members - Principal Organs - General Assembly - Quasi-legislative: pass resolutions (decisions in the General Assembly is ultimately non-binding) - Every member of the UN is allowed to contribute in the General Assembly, only area of the UN where this happens. (Most democratic organ of the UN, everyone has the same voting power, nobody has more power in the GA). - Investigative - Budget (security council makes it, GA only passes it) 95% of the contributors have a small voting share - Security maintenance - Dominated by developing countries: G-77 – makes them a more powerful group by having strength in numbers all 77 countries stick together in
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