How does one class establish and maintain dominance and control over the other?
• The element of physicality and overall greater strength.
• Not allowing the people to unionize.
• Grasshoppers present their interest as the ants (they are both insects) – it’s about
conception. They absorb or manipulate the ants’ interests into making them
believe that they need them.
• Disarming the ability for them to act as a collective. This dominance is
established and maintained in modern societies through ideology.
• Culture has been manipulated to perpetuate
o Basic forms of consciousness and thinking, without questioning them.
Values and morals are presented as universal and in the interest of
everyone. The theft of the interests of the workers.
• Looking at Marx’s view and use of the concept of ideology; the function of
The German Ideology
• The dominant notion of ideology and the way it is discussed, is very different
from the way Marx analyzes it.
• He wanted to start a discipline that was simply a study of ideas. Marx radically
changed this. Today, the term is dominantly understood as the study of beliefs
and their application to what we and other actors want and pursue through various
• For Marx, this idea of pure spirit that Hegel talks about is a “mystification”. He
claims that this is wrong, and not the way to approach relations – it is actually an
ideological concept to place emphasis on ideas. Once we analyze real individuals
and their activities (labour and the material conditions in which they live), we
begin to demystify these misrepresentations and false truths.
• The production of consciousness is interwoven with the interactions of persons –
the exact opposite of Hegel’s theory.
• To understand this, we can look at ideas and concepts in two ways.
o Represent things as they are, truthfully. What Marx is trying to do.
o Mask, conceal, and falsify it. Ideolo