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Lecture

Ideology - February 11th

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 2237E
Professor
Mike Laurence

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How does one class establish and maintain dominance and control over the other? • The element of physicality and overall greater strength. • Not allowing the people to unionize. • Grasshoppers present their interest as the ants (they are both insects) – it’s about  conception.  They absorb or manipulate the ants’ interests into making them  believe that they need them. • Disarming the ability for them to act as a collective. This dominance is  established and maintained in modern societies through ideology.   • Culture has been manipulated to perpetuate o Basic forms of consciousness and thinking, without questioning them.   Values and morals are presented as universal and in the interest of  everyone.  The theft of the interests of the workers. Ideology • Looking at Marx’s view and use of the concept of ideology; the function of  ideological critique.  The German Ideology • The dominant notion of ideology and the way it is discussed, is very different  from the way Marx analyzes it.  • He wanted to start a discipline that was simply a study of ideas.  Marx radically  changed this.  Today, the term is dominantly understood as the study of beliefs  and their application to what we and other actors want and pursue through various  relations. • For Marx, this idea of pure spirit that Hegel talks about is a “mystification”.   He  claims that this is wrong, and not the way to approach relations – it is actually an  ideological concept to place emphasis on ideas.  Once we analyze real individuals  and their activities (labour and the material conditions in which they live), we  begin to de­mystify these misrepresentations and false truths. • The production of consciousness is interwoven with the interactions of persons –  the exact opposite of Hegel’s theory. • To understand this, we can look at ideas and concepts in two ways. o Represent things as they are, truthfully. What Marx is trying to do. o Mask, conceal, and falsify it. Ideolo
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