Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Noam Chomsky, Baby Talk, Transformational Grammar

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16 Jan 2013
Department
Professor
January 8, 2013
Language
- Basic Characteristics
- Syntax
- Language Learning
Next Time: Problem Solving
Scan: p. 332 351
- What are the properties of a language?
- How does syntax provide meaning to language?
- Is language learned?
Language: Basic Properties
Semanticity
Meaningful
Generativity
Ability to use finite number of words & rules to produce infinite number of sentences
Displacement
Convey information about other times and places
Organization
Language is structured
Morphemes
Meaningful units
Word Strangers
Morpheme Strange, er, s
Words
Good, unabridged dictionary 250,000 to 300,000
Student vocabulary 150,000
Most anything in English can be said with a vocabulary of 850 words
Telephone conversations: 96% of “talk” made up of 737 words
Correlation word frequency & word length = - 0.75
Syntax
Arranging the elements in a “meaningful” way
Proper Structure
Importance of grammar
Ambiguity
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