Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Homicide

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Suicide
- Devastating effects on survivors (*some develop PTSD)
- More women than men attempt suicide
- More men than women die by suicide (men choose more lethal methods)
- Death by suicide is 5x more likely than death by homicide
- Myths about Suicide:
- People attempt suicide just to get attention.
- If you talk to soeoe aout their suiidal feeligs, they’re ore likely to attept suiide
(opposite is true!)
- All those who commit suicide are depressed (*When people are most depressed, they are
unmotivated to commit suicide (most people commit suicide when they start to feel a little
better)
- If someone wants to commit suicide, there is no way to stop them
- Biological Factors: Suicide is not hereditary but there is a biological predisposition for certain illnesses
- Psychological Factors: Presence of psychological disorders (depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse)
- Cognitive Factors: Negative attitudes (towards themselves, not others), Hopelessness (best predictor),
Problem-Solving deficits, Restricted Thinking, Rumination (thinking things over and over again)
- Emotional Factors: High levels of negative emotion + difficulty regulating emotions
- Learning Theory: Contagion Effects
- Environmental Factors: Lack of social support, Stress Reactions, Major loss
Warning Signs
- Suicide threats
- Leave Takig ehavior (e.g. will, giving away possessions)
- Sudden improvement in mood* (b/c they made a decision about taking their lives and feel relief)
Preventing Suicide
- commitment to mental health
- seeking support (or professional help)
- keepig the fatal seret?
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PSYCH 1000 Full Course Notes
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Document Summary

Devastating effects on survivors (*some develop ptsd) More men than women die by suicide (men choose more lethal methods) Death by suicide is 5x more likely than death by homicide. People attempt suicide just to get attention. If you talk to so(cid:373)eo(cid:374)e a(cid:271)out their sui(cid:272)idal feeli(cid:374)gs, they re (cid:373)ore likely to atte(cid:373)pt sui(cid:272)ide (opposite is true!) All those who commit suicide are depressed (*when people are most depressed, they are unmotivated to commit suicide (most people commit suicide when they start to feel a little better) If someone wants to commit suicide, there is no way to stop them. Biological factors: suicide is not hereditary but there is a biological predisposition for certain illnesses. Psychological factors: presence of psychological disorders (depression, schizophrenia, substance abuse) Cognitive factors: negative attitudes (towards themselves, not others), hopelessness (best predictor), Problem-solving deficits, restricted thinking, rumination (thinking things over and over again) Emotional factors: high levels of negative emotion + difficulty regulating emotions.

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