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Psychology 2310A/B Lecture Notes - Autonomic Nervous System, Reinforcement, Classical Conditioning

Course Code
Rod Martin

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Tutorial Week 2:
Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches
Behavioral Approach
Two types of conditioning (EXAM QUESTION) know the difference
Respondent (Classical)
Automatic responses
Autonomic NS
Eliciting stimuli
-involves the autonomic nervous system
-wanted to study digestion of dogs
Operant (Instrumental)
Voluntary actions, behaviors
Somatic NS
Reinforcing stimuli
-take physical action to create the response
Classical Conditioning – Ivan Pavlov
Before conditioning
-neurtral stimulus (bell) will create no response
-ucs (f00d) create ucr (salivation)
During conditioning
-cs (bell) ucs (food) create ucr (salivation)
After conditioning
-bell will create cr (salivation)
Classical Conditioning in Daily Life
Emotional responses
Phobias – two-factor model (EXAM QUESTION)
Classical conditioning of fear
Avoidance of stimulus (negative reinforcement – operant conditioning)
-avoid phobic object to avoid your fear
-phobia are a combination of the two types of conditioning
Systematic Desensitization (Wolpe)
Based on Extinction
Develop a hierarchy of fears (SUDS)
Train relaxation response
Imaginal exposure – associate feared stimuli with relaxation instead of trauma
-easy to treat if you face your fears
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