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Psychology 1000.doc

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Western University
Psychology 1000
Laura Fazakas- De Hoog

Ahmad Khan Sept 6, 2012 Psychology 1000 How we behave in groups and its impact Psychology is based on research and theory The more something is externally rewarded the less we come to enjoy it -over justification effect Bystander effect – the more people around the LESS likely you are to get help More likely to be attracted to someone who is similar to us –hamofilly effect Psychology – branch of knowledge related to the soul, spirit, self or life Concerned with the scientific study of behaviour behaviour includes actions, thoughts, feelings and reactions Refer to goals on “What is Psychology” slide Psychology less than 150 years old Owe it to two influences philosophy and natural science Nativism – philosophical tradition that suggests that all knowledge is inherited and as we develop with age our knowledge and language also develops. Our environment and experiences are not important according to this side of the debate NATURE SIDE Empricism – philosophical tradition that suggests knowledge in this sense is gained through observation and our senses which we aquire from the world we live in. Not concerned with nature or biological processes but life experiences. We should only study what we can easily observe and see. NURTURE SIDE Aristotle – knowledge is gained through experience and credited with Empiricism John Locke – nothing can exist within our intellect if it did not have its origins in the senses. Empiricism. Tabula Rasa means blank slate. John Locke beliefed we were born as a blank slate and our experiences in life write on this slate France GALL – bumps and grooves in our head. Anywhere bump highly developed and groove underdeveloped. Cranioscopy feel peoples skulls to know about personality. Saying “having your head felt” developed Flourens – argued it wasn’t localized areas of the brain but rather the entire brain working in sync. Both of them were correct according to research now Ahmad Khan Sept 6, 2012 Charles Darwin – Argued overtime we will adapt to the best degree possible to the environment we live in. Believed humans are not really special and can be studied scientifically and that humans can and should be studied. Ivan Sechnov – Argued all complex behaviour can be explained by reflex’s. info on nervous system and Function of our nervous system. Wilhelm Wundt (1978) – Opened 1 psychology lab. Went on to find structuralism which was the studying of structure and basica elemental components of the mind. Thought by breaking it down into structures you could better study it. Technique used was introspection. Introspection was giving someone a stimulus and then ask for feedback. Problems with this is mental state, verifiability, etc Herman von Ebbinghaus – Studied his own children, interested in understanding memory processes. Pivotal in the scientific study of memory loss William James – Functionalism, more interested in what is the function of the human mind. Why did memory even evolve? John Watson – Developed school of thought in psychology called behaviorism. All behaviour is learned. “Give me any new born infant and if I control all his experiences I can shape him in any way. Wolfgang Kohler – F
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