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Lecture 3

Psychology 1000 Lecture 3: Psychology 1000 sept 15 lec 3

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Psychology 1000- Lecture 3 September 15 2016 What is Psychology? ➢ What do psychologists do? ➢ Pioneers of psychology ➢ Scientific method Next time: Methods Scan: Chapt. 2, p. 42-64 What do psychologists do? Who are the pioneers of psychology? How do we determine which claims about psychology are valid? Psychology is whatever psychologists do… (don’t remember %) • Clinical (43%) – mental disorders • Counselling (11%) – everyday problems • Developmental psychologists (4%)- what happens to you going from an infant to an adult (what happens to you biologically and socially as you get older) • Educational (5%)- interested in the process of education (the best way to do things) • Experimental (8%) – research on learning and memory/information processing • Industrial/organizational (7%) – what works in the actual workplace (employee selection processes, working in corporations) • Personality (2%) – what kind of person are you (are you friendly or not, have personality scales) • School psychologists (7%) – in school settings (usually in high schools- counselling psychologists but work in school settings) • Social psychologists (4%) - why people like each other, why they hate, what they do in groups. Look at human interaction • Others (9%) – don’t identify as a specific, several groups Pioneers of Psychology… Rene Descartes: • Studied the way people behaved the way they do • “Reflux arc” – thought it was transferred by “animal spirits” • Thought everything happened in the pineal gland- source of define intervention (where God talked to men) Gustav Fechner: • Wrote books about “how many angels can fit on the top of a pin” • Measured sensory abilities- compared sensations **Wilhelm Wundt**: • “Father of Psychology” • 1879 he established the first psychological research lab • Structuralists William James: • Wrote first textbook • 1880, established a lab • Animal behaviour and memory Mary Calkins: • Wanted to study with William James • Harvard wouldn’t let her study- women • James said he would leave- Harvard didn’t give her her degree Sigmund Freud: • Trying to understand things that can’t happen- patients would come in with a particular disorder (no feeling in hand but in upper arm)- Freud said it’s psychogenic (didn’t have feelings in hands because they didn’t want to-psychological problems) Carl Jung:
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