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Mental Disorder 19.docx

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Psychology 1000

Mental Disorders March 21, 2013  Next Time: Mood and Schizophrenia  Scan: page 642 – 650; 654 - 661  Agenda o Humanistic Model o History of Mental Disorders o Mood Disorders  Questions o How does the humanistic perspective differ from Freud? o How do we classify mental disorders? o What are the symptoms of a mood disorder  Critique and Assessment o Limited Data  Theory built on select population o Bias  Analyst hardly an objective observer  His looking for the thing that he believes in o Conceptual  Vague terms  Test?  Evidence for Freud o Unconscious Processing  Semantic Priming Effect (Marcel (1983))  Present things from seeing it, but it still have effect that making decisions faster o Repression  Memory lapses during therapy (Luborsky et al. (1979))  Memory lapses Occurs at the emotional times  Evidence against Freud o Dreams (Dement 1959)  Thirsty subjects awoken during REM do not dream of drinking  They’re thirsty, but they don’t dream about it o Anthropological Evidence  Oedipus complex not universal, e.g. Trobriand Islanders (Malinowski 1927)  Whatever the scientific answer, Freud will remain an important figure. o Notional of internal unconscious conflict  We do not completely know ourselves o Scope of Theory  Theory of humanity that covers biology, art, humor, the family…  Humanistic Perspective o Focus on inherent “goodness” o Strive for self-actualization  Maslow’s hierarchy of needs  Physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem  Working towards self-actualization  Carl Rogers o The Self  Organized, consistent set of belief and perceptions o Self-consistency  No internal conflicts o Congruence  No internal-external conflicts o Inconsistency or non-congruence  Threat to self  Don’t like it o Well-adjusted -> modify  Well-adjusted notices inconsistencies and non-congruence will change and minimize them o Deny or ignore  “problems in living” o Needed for positive regard  Unconditional positive regard from parents (and self)  Need it form everyone  If you do have it  Fully functioning person  If you do not have it  Conditions of worth  Useful Approach? o High self-esteem related to positive social life and happiness o Support for self-verification and self-enhancement o Very positive view of human nature  But… o Subjective… relies on person’s self-report o Difficult to define or predict what will be a self-actualizing tendency… becomes equal to behaviour  E.g. “I am…” fill in the blank  Other Perspectives o Trait Perspective
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