Class Notes (834,804)
Canada (508,727)
Psychology (6,247)
Psychology 1000 (2,471)
Dr.Mike (1,250)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 - Research Methods.docx

3 Pages
62 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Fall

Description
Psychology 1000 Research Methods September 18, 2012 Next Time: Methods & Bio Bases Scan: Finish Chapter 2 + p. 69-75  How do we validate claims?  How do you design an experiment?  What are the advantages of the experimental method? Getting the most from a lecture:  Active listening is important  Attend to the speaker, anticipate  Read ahead  Write speaker’s comments in your own words  Attend to “clues”  Ask questions  Festinger (1957): theory called cognitive dissonance Scientific Method 1. Identify the problem & formulate a hypothesis  Hypothesis: tentative statement about a relation between 2 or more events  Theory:  Collection of hypotheses  An organizing system  More general, elaborate  Good theories generate good (testable) hypotheses (e.g. theory of relativity -> lots of hypotheses that could be generated)  Compare: Freudian Theory & Behaviour Theory  Behaviour Theory is better because it can be measured and tested -> generates a testable hypothesis  Freud talking about the unconscious -> difficult to measure and test, though it still does have an impact 2. Design & execute the experiment: variables & control  Identify Variables (THIS WILL BE ON THE EXAM)  Independent variables are manipulated  Dependent variables are measured  We want to say that changes in the independent variables (and only those changes) cause changes in dependent variables  Without proper control, the experiment is confounded -> not controlled well enough; other things may be the cause for the changes in the dependent variables - Pepsi vs. Coke o The order people drank it Psychology 1000 Research Methods September 18, 2012 o May have had a tolerance to coke o People like M more than Q -> should counter-balance it o Pepsi paid for it -> funding source bias o Not double-blinded o Vague – “more than half” o Cultural/geographical effect o Maybe there was an incentive 3. Determine the “Truth”  Do your results support the hypothesis?  Are there any real differences? -> statistics 4. Communicate Results  Publish a report in journal  Present a verbal desc
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 1000

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit