Psychology Lecture 37: Groups
Test is on Chapters 9-13
Reducing Obedience, Social Facilitation, Group Decision Making
How does the individual influence the group?
How does the group influence the individual?
Do groups make better decisions than individuals?
o Personal responsibility
Obedience drops dramatically
o Disobedient models
2 confederates refuse
Obedience drops to 10%
What is a group?
o 2 or more people
The individual in the group
o Group effects on individual
o Fishing reel task
You work faster when in a group, doesn’t even have to
be competitive, just having someone there gives the
o Mere presence of others facilitates performance
They don’t even have to be doing the activity
o But others report social inhibition
Presence of others decreases performance
o Why does this happen? Why not constant?
o Drive theory
Drive to do things correctly or to complete them
Tendency to preform dominant response
When doing a well learned task or a simple one
Improved performance, facilitation
Trying a complex task or something you’ve never done
Impaired performance, inhibition
Effects due to evaluation apprehension Presence o