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Lecture 17

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 1000
Professor
Dr.Mike
Semester
Summer

Description
Mental Disorders • Humanistic Model • History of Mental Disorders • Mood Disorders  How does the humanistic perspective differ from Freud? How do we classify mental disorders? What are the symptoms of a mood disorder?  Critique and Assessment A. Limited Data ­ theory built on select population  B. Bias ­ analyst hardly an objective observer  C. Conceptual ­ Vague terms ­ Test? Evidence for Freud A. Unconscious Processing ­ Semantic Priming Effect B. Repression ­ memory lapses during therapy  Evidence Against Freud A. Dreams ­ thirsty subjects awoken during REM do not dream of drinking B. Anthropological Evidence ­ Oedipus complex not universal, e.g. Trobriand Islanders  1. Notion of internal unconscious conflict ­ we do not completely know ourselves 2. Scope of Theory ­ theory of humanity that covers biology, art, humor, the family  Humanistic Perspective • Focus on inherent “goodness” • Strive for self­actualization  Carl Rogers • The Self ­ organized, consistent set of belief & perceptions  • Self­consistency ­ no internal conflicts • Congruence ­ no internal­external conflicts  • Inconsistency or non­congruence ­ Threat • Well­adjusted ­> modify behavior • Deny or ignore  ­ “problems in living”  • Need for positive regard ­ unconditional positive regard from parents (and self)  ­ Parents ­> Conditions of worth ­ Self ­> fully functioning person Useful Approach? • High self­esteem related to positive social life & happiness • Support for self­verification & self­enhancement • Very positive view of human nature  But… • Subjective.. relies on person’s self­report • Difficult to define or predict what will be a self actualizing  tendency…becomes equal to behavior  Other Perspectives
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