Rehabilitation Sciences 3062A/B Lecture 7: Lecture 7

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Western University
Rehabilitation Sciences
Rehabilitation Sciences 3062A/B
Susan Hunter

FINAL EXAM Lecture 7: Stroke Brain Attack What is a stroke [cerebrovascular accident (CVA)]? o Sudden loss of brain function and death of brain cells (infarction) due to interruption of cerebral blood flow Medical emergency Warning signs: o 1. Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body), even if temporary o 2. Sudden trouble speaking or understanding speech or sudden confusion, even if temporary o 3. Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes, even if temporary o 4. Sudden severe and unusual headache with no known cause o 5. Sudden loss of balance or coordination, dizziness or trouble walking, especially in conjunction with any of the above signs Stroke Signs ** the longer it takes people to get to the hospital, the worse it will be o time = brain Epidemiology Stroke Statistics Canada (dont need to know numbers) 50,000 strokes every year o That is 1 new stroke every 10 minutes 315,000 stroke survivors o Does not include people living in institutions Third leading cause of death o 11,276 deaths in 2007 o 1,159 (10.3 of all deaths) in people < 65 years of age
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