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Lecture

Just society

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
Religious Studies 1023E
Professor
Corrine Walsh
Semester
Fall

Description
What is a “Just” society? -Difficulty of defining ‘just society’ -Related terms: morality, ethics, righteousness, human rights, natural law -Exploration through multiple lenses- religion, political, economy, social justice, philosophy, public administration and public policy etc Definitions of Justice Classical -Justice is the virtue that renders to each his/her own Philosophical(e.g Artistotle) -If we deny persons justice, we have declared them worthless! -Justice is not the best we can do re: value of persons. Friendship is. Political and Legal -Only justice stands between us and barbarity -When justice fails, persons perish -Meeting essential needs in society is not a work of optional charity. . . It merely establishes one’s Types of Justice Communitative Justice -Calls for fundamental fairness in all agreements and exchanges between individuals or private social groups Distributive Justice -Requires that the allocation of income, wealth, and power in society be evaluated in light of its effect on persons whose basic material needs are unmet Social justice -Implies that persons have an obligation to be active and productive participants in the life of society and that society has a duty to enable them to participate in this way Just Society & Hinduism -Expressed in dharma, karma, caste system -Varuna -god of sky, rain and law -guardian of morality and master of rta -determines the truth and unrighteousness and humans -Upanishads -Dharma and the caste system -Ahimsa Justice & Buddhism -Morality -Marks of reality, four noble truths, noble eightfold path -Ahimsa -Theravada- (ideal) monk- recognizes that life is suffering -Mahayana- Bodhisattva, compassion Just society & Islam -adl= ‘justice’ -Person of good morals -Faithfulness, character and sincerity .. sense of duty Just Society & Judaism -Justice is an attribute of God -Mercy, Grace, Charity, Integrity, etc -Social usage -Righteousness=right conduct -Examples: “He has told you, O mortal, what is good; and what does the lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?” (Michah) Christianity -Conformity to a divine standard- God as absolute moral perfection -Bringing about of the Kingdom of God- living in right relationship with God, ourselves, each other and creation- judged by how we treat the weakest in society [marginalized] (widows, orphans, foreigners) -Gives birth to ‘shalom’, ‘salaam’, peace Example: The Beatitudes (Matt 5) Most marginalized today? -Single women, aboriginal women, Natural Law -Lex naturalis (Latin) -The law of nature- transcends all boundaries- there fore is law valid for everyone United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights -December 10 , 1948 -Most translated document -First global document of human rights -Does not have the law, the International Law of Human rights Gregory Baum -Critical Theology and Social Sin -Model for recognizing injustice as part of our social systems -Consider opportunity to harness the potential of social systems- including religious systems- to address injustice -Systems as a means to offer healing, peace and a vision of a just society Pastoral Circle is not the same as critical theology/social sin The pastoral circle process- an adaptation Step 1: Involvement (How does this is
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