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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 - Islam

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Western University
Religious Studies
Religious Studies 1023E
Mahdi Tourage

Islam 2 y Jahiliyya o Means ignorance o Muslim calendar begins 622 AD migration of Muhammad o Muhammad receives revelation in 611 AD o Before was Jahiliyya ignorance y PreIslamic Arabia tho In the 6 century it was desolate desert o Byzantine occupied the West Roman Persians occupied the East o Constant wars caused tensions effects trade routes o Have to go around the war zone down the Red Sea to the Mediterranean to Mecca o Tribal society began to become based on commerce o EconomyPastoralistRaiding y Common regularized try not to kill anyone y Food livestock women etc o New religion needed to unite the people Islam o Mecca became an important center o Social StructureClan Banu HashimTribe QurayshTribal Leader S
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