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Lecture 4

Sociology 1020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Maple Leaf, Pedophilia, Endangered Language


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1020
Professor
Micheal Haight
Lecture
4

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10/17/2018
Culture
Culture as Meaning Generator
- The power of culture is that it makes our sensory experiences meaningful.
- Culture with two faces:
- Allows us to be free and experience others cultures or exercise our own
- Often constricts on what we can do
Culture Defined
- Culture: The shared symbols and their definitions that people create to solve real-life
problems.
- Symbols:
- Anything that represents something that it isn't
- Abstract or concrete
- EX. Maple leaf is a symbol of Canada, or a wedding ring is a symbol of love or
legal status
- Can be different pertaining to the culture (giving someone a peace sign in england
can mean something other than peace)
- Verbal or non verbal
- Symbols are shared.
Material and Non-material Culture
- Material culture:
- Tools
- Flags
- Anything that is a material object
- Non-material culture:
- Values
- Language
- Not tangible
Five Common Components
- Symbols- Anything that represents something that it isn't
- Language- A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another.
- Values- overarching ideas of things, what's good to some people
- Ideal values: what you should be thinking or believing
- Real values: the reality of the situation
- Beliefs- specific statements that people hold to be true.
- Norms- specific statements about actions or behaviours
- Highly important to functioning of society
- Very specific statement
- Prescriptive norm: statements about behaviours that are acceptable
- Proscriptive norm: statements about behaviours that are not acceptable
Three Types of Norms
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